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One of the most famous map projections is the Mercator, created by a Flemish cartographer and geographer, Geradus Mercator in 1569. It became the standard map projection for nautical purposes because of its ability to represent lines of constant true direction. Also, the lines of longitude are evenly spaced apart.

What is Mercator map used for?

The Mercator projection was mainly used for maps. This made it possible for the entire globe to be drawn on a flat sheet. It is also used for marine navigation since the lines of constant direction appear as straight lines on the map.

Why does the use of the Mercator projection persist?

Conformal projections preserve angles around all locations. Because the linear scale of a Mercator map increases with latitude, it distorts the size of geographical objects far from the equator and conveys a distorted perception of the overall geometry of the planet.

Why the Mercator projection is bad?

Mercator maps distort the shape and relative size of continents, particularly near the poles. The popular Mercator projection distorts the relative size of landmasses, exaggerating the size of land near the poles as compared to areas near the equator.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of a Mercator projection?

Advantage: The Mercator map projection shows the correct shapes of the continents and directions accurately. Disadvantage: The Mercator map projection does not show true distances or sizes of continents, especially near the north and south poles.

What is the disadvantages of the Mercator projection?

Disadvantages: Mercator projection distorts the size of objects as the latitude increases from the Equator to the poles, where the scale becomes infinite. So, for example, Greenland and Antarctica appear much larger relative to land masses near the equator than they actually are.

What is the Mercator projection best used for?

This projection is widely used for navigation charts, because any straight line on a Mercator projection map is a line of constant true bearing that enables a navigator to plot a straight-line course.

Is the real world map upside down?

The simple answer to the question was this: It isn’t upside-down at all. In a flip of convention, my giant, framed world map displays the southern hemisphere — Australia included — at the top. It’s a twist, but not strictly speaking a distortion.

Why is Australia map upside down?

You can find maps as such all over the world, where they have East at the top (mainly older maps from the Middle Ages and Renaissance) which is why people call the East the “Orient”. In Australia is just makes sense so that the projection doesn’t skew the actual size of the Island.

Does East mean right?

To the left is West and to the right is East. …

What does the East represent?

As one might expect, each Tribe often had its own name and symbolic meaning associated with cardinal directions. Generally, however, East is the direction of spirit, positive thought, mindfulness, and redemption. It carries the energy of vision and the gift of prophecy.

What does the East signify in the Bible?

The “East” may have either good or bad connotations – on the one hand it is the location of Eden, but on the other hand, it was the habitat of the men who built Babel (Gen 11:2). When denoting the dwellers E or NE of Canaan, it frequently refers to tribes hostile to Israel (Num 23:7; Jud 6:3, 33).

What does West represent spiritually?

In fact, in the Bible, the term “sea” often referred to the west. The West is also the place of darkness because that’s where the sun sets. West = evil and death. But the West also pointed toward restored unity with God — a return to the Garden of Eden.

What does the West mean in the Bible?

In Judaism, west is seen to be toward the Shekinah (presence) of God, as in Jewish history the Tabernacle and subsequent Jerusalem Temple faced east, with God’s Presence in the Holy of Holies up the steps to the west. According to the Bible, the Israelites crossed the Jordan River westward into the Promised Land.

What is the significance of West?

Christian & Buddhist Symbolism In some cases, the west symbolized death, darkness or evil. On a much better note, its also associated with the Temple of the Israelites, which worshippers had to travel to facing west as the sun rose in hopefulness behind.

What do the 4 directions represent?

Meanings of the Four Directions Each of the Four Directions (East, South, West, and North) is typically represented by a distinctive color, such as black, red, yellow, and white, which for some stands for the human races. The Directions can also represent: Stages of life: birth, youth, adult (or elder), death.