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Why do solids liquids and gases have different properties related to shape and volume?

Solids, liquids and gases are different mainly because of their lattice arrangements and the cohesive forces between the molecules. The cohesive forces between their molecules are also very weak. This gives gases their property to flow and compressibility.

What is the difference of solid and liquid from gas?

gas are well separated with no regular arrangement. liquid are close together with no regular arrangement. solid are tightly packed, usually in a regular pattern.

Which has more volume solid liquid or gas?

Matter is made of small particles of atoms or molecules. There are three common states of matter, solid, liquid and gas. A gas and a liquid will change shape to fit the shape of their container. A gas will change volume to fit the volume of the container….Liquids Solids and Gases:

Definite shape definite volume
liquid no yes
gas no no

What has more matter gas or liquid?

If you have the same number of particles, then the gas will have the greater volume. The particles of matter in the liquid state are still close together but they are far enough apart to move freely. The particles of matter in the gaseous state are neither close together nor fixed in place.

Does a gas have a definite volume?

Like liquids, gases have no definite shape, but unlike solids and liquids, gases have no definite volume either. The change from solid to liquid usually does not significantly change the volume of a substance.

Does a gas have a definite shape and volume?

Three states of matter exist – solid, liquid, and gas. Liquids have a definite volume, but take the shape of the container. Gases have no definite shape or volume.

What does it mean to have a definite volume?

Definite volume refers to something which has a consistent, unchanging volume, which in practical terms may mean a static mass and density, or a predetermined shape, either of which will dictate volume.

Why gas has indefinite shape and volume?

Solution : Gases do not have a definite shape or volume because the molecules in gases are very loosely packed, they have large intermolecular spaces and hence they move around. The force of attraction between molecules is also very less, as a result gases acquire any shape or any volume.

Does Liquids have a fixed volume?

Liquids have a fixed volume but no fixed shape. Gases have no fixed volume and no fixed shape. Gases expand to fill the space available. They can also be compressed into a very small space.

Why do liquids have definite volume?

In a liquid, the particles are still in close contact, so liquids have a definite volume. However, because the particles can move about each other rather freely, a liquid has no definite shape and takes a shape dictated by its container.

What are the properties of solids liquids and gases?

There are three common states of matter:

  • Solids – relatively rigid, definite volume and shape. In a solid, the atoms and molecules are attached to each other.
  • Liquids – definite volume but able to change shape by flowing. In a liquid, the atoms and molecules are loosely bonded.
  • Gases – no definite volume or shape.

What are 3 properties of liquids?

All liquids show the following characteristics:

  • Liquids are almost incompressible. In liquids molecules are pretty close to each other.
  • Liquids have fixed volume but no fixed shape.
  • Liquids flow from higher to lower level.
  • Liquids have their boiling points above room temperature, under normal conditions.

What are 3 characteristics of liquids?

Liquids have the following characteristics:

  • No definite shape (takes the shape of its container).
  • Has definite volume.
  • Particles are free to move over each other, but are still attracted to each other.

What are the 3 properties of gases?

Gases have three characteristic properties: (1) they are easy to compress, (2) they expand to fill their containers, and (3) they occupy far more space than the liquids or solids from which they form.

What are the 10 gases?

Some examples of gases are listed below.

  • Hydrogen.
  • Nitrogen.
  • Oxygen.
  • Carbon Dioxide.
  • Carbon Monoxide.
  • Water Vapour.
  • Helium.
  • Neon.

What are the 7 gases?

There are seven diatomic elements: hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, iodine, bromine.

What are the 11 gases?

The gaseous element group; hydrogen (H), nitogen (N), oxygen (O), fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl) and noble gases helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), radon (Rn) are gases at standard temperature and pressure (STP).