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Who crossed the Antarctic Circle first?

James Cook

Who has crossed Antarctica?

In the final months of 2018, people around the world were captivated as the 33-year-old O’Brady raced the 49-year-old Briton Louis Rudd to complete what they both called the “first-ever solo, unsupported, unassisted” crossing of Antarctica.

Who are the 3 famous Antarctic explorers?

Here are The Most Famous Explorers of Antarctica.

  • Roald Amundsen, Norway – Expedition of 1909-1911.
  • Robert Falcon Scott, Great Britain – Expeditions of 1901-1904, 1910-1912.
  • Nobu Shirase, Japan – Expedition: 1910-1912.
  • Sir Ernest Shackleton, Great Britain – Expeditions: 1907-1909, 1914-1917.

Has Antarctica been explored?

For the past 14 million years, it has been the frigid continent that persists today. Antarctica is the only continent that was literally discovered, because it has no native human population. British explorer Sir James Cook circumnavigated the continent in 1772-1775, but saw only some outlying islands.

Who went to South Pole?

Roald Amundsen

Has anyone made it to the South Pole?

The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. Scott and four other men reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, thirty-four days after Amundsen. On the return trip, Scott and his four companions all died of starvation and extreme cold.

Who was first man to North Pole?

Robert Peary

Did Scott use dogs?

Scott had used dogs on his first (Discovery) expedition and felt they had failed. On that journey, Scott, Shackleton, and Wilson started with three sledges and 13 dogs. The whole team of dogs eventually died (and were eaten), and the men took over hauling the sleds.

How did Scott die?

Though he, too, exhibited all the symptoms of exhaustion hypothermia, his final decision to leave the tent meant that, ultimately, he died of acute (or immersion) hypothermia amid the whirling snows of the blizzard that raged outside.

Why did Scott go to the Antarctic?

During all his planning of the British Antarctic Expedition on the Terra Nova, Scott had intended that the main objective was “to reach the South Pole, and to secure for the British Empire the honour of this achievement”.

What food did Scott take to the Antarctic?

Diet. The staple food of Scott’s five-man party was pemmican, a mixture of dried beef and fat, to which water was added.

What did Scott say when he left the tent?

“Titus” Oates followed on 17 March (his 32nd birthday), when, in the knowledge that his frostbite had dangerously slowed the group’s progress, he left the tent with the immortal line: “I am just going outside and may be some time.”

Who walked out of Scott’s tent?


Who died at the South Pole?

Rodney Marks
Born Rodney David Marks13 March 1968 Geelong, Victoria, Australia
Died 12 May 2000 (aged 32) Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica
Nationality Australian
Occupation Astrophysicist

Why did Oates leave the tent?

Deeming his afflicted presence a burden too grave, to saddle his companions with, he crawled from the tent, to embrace death, and preserve their chances of survival without him. But the moment for Oates to relinquish his presence, to benefit the progression of Scott, Wilson and Bowers, had long since passed.

What were Captain Oates last words?

His last words, “I am just going outside, I may be some time”, are an understatement of courage and bravery and have been immortalised in the history of Polar exploration.

What did Captain Scott say?

Captain Scott made a note in his diary of Oates’ last words: “I am just going outside and may be some time.” He never came back. With a blizzard raging outside, the remaining three men could do nothing but wait for the inevitable – yet they were only 11 miles away from a fuel and food depot.

Who said I am just going outside?

Captain Lawrence Oates

Where is the ship Discovery kept?

Discovery Point, Dundee Moved to a custom built dock in 1992, Discovery is now the centrepiece of Dundee’s visitor attraction Discovery Point. She is displayed in a purpose-built dock, in a configuration as near as possible to her 1924 state, when she was refitted in the Vosper yard at Portsmouth.

Where is Captain Scott buried?

Antarctic ice

What did Oates say?

The following night, according to Scott’s diary entry, in the early morning of 16 March 1912, Oates said to his colleagues: “I am just going outside and may be some time.” Then, without going through the painful exertion of putting on his boots, he stepped outside into a raging blizzard and temperatures of -40.0 °C (- …

Why did Scott’s expedition fail?

Well, on the Terra Nova expedition, that complex manifested itself in a huge way in the form of something called man-hauling. Unfortunately, failed equipment and perishing ponies meant that Scott and his crew had to do more man-hauling than they’d bargained for, resulting in unanticipated exhaustion.

Who died on Scott’s expedition?

Scott and his last two companions, Edward Wilson and Henry Bowers, died in their tent on March 29, 1912. They were just 11 miles from a pre-arranged supply depot. Dr Halsey’s team examined the expedition in light of today’s knowledge of nutrition and the effects of extreme exercise.

What was Captain Scott’s ship called?

Terra Nova