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Who created the H1N1 vaccine?

1940s. 1940s: Thomas Francis, Jr., MD and Jonas Salk, MD serve as lead researchers at the University of Michigan to develop the first inactivated flu vaccine with support from the U.S. Army. Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today.

How long did the last pandemic in the US last?

Courtesy of the National Museum of Health and Medicine, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C. The influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called the Spanish flu, lasted between one and two years. The pandemic occurred in three waves, though not simultaneously around the globe.

What supplies should you have for a pandemic?

Store a supply of drinking water and food o Bottled and/or filtered water – recommend at least one gallon of water per person per day, for drinking and sanitation. Store water tightly in clean plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. o Children, nursing mothers and sick people may need more water.

Why did the Spanish flu kill so many?

Much of the high death rate can be attributed to crowding in military camps and urban environments, as well as poor nutrition and sanitation, which suffered during wartime. It’s now thought that many of the deaths were due to the development of bacterial pneumonias in lungs weakened by influenza.

What happened in China during the 1918 influenza pandemic?

The state of illness became worse in September 1918 and the number of patients sharply increased, although spread remained controlled. Subsequently, in schools 50–60% of students became infected but no death occurred. At the end of October, the influenza pandemic began to subside.

How many died in the 1918 flu?

More than 50 million people died of the disease, with 675,000 in the U.S. There is some disagreement on that figure, with recent researchers suggesting it was about 17.4 million deaths, while others go as high as 100 million. Generally speaking, the fatality rate for the Spanish flu is calculated at about 2%.

How did the 1918 flu spread?

A temporary hospital in Camp Funston, Kansas, during the 1918–19 influenza pandemic. Influenza is caused by a virus that is transmitted from person to person through airborne respiratory secretions.

Why does the flu start in China?

Many Chinese people, even city dwellers, insist that freshly slaughtered poultry is tastier and more healthful than refrigerated or frozen meat. This is one of the major reasons China has been such a hot spot for new influenza viruses: Nowhere else on earth do so many people have such close contact with so many birds.

Why does the flu mutate each year?

Influenza viruses constantly change through a process called antigenic drift. This is the random accumulation of mutations in the haemagglutinin (HA), and to a lesser extent neuraminidase (NA) genes, recognized by the immune system. It is most pronounced in influenza A viruses.

What sickness is flu?

Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza is commonly called the flu, but it’s not the same as stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting.

Can flu go away on its own?

If you have influenza, you can expect the illness to go away on its own in about 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, you can take steps to feel better: Get extra rest. Extra rest can help you feel better.

How long does the flu a last 2020?

Most people who become sick will recover in a few days to less than two weeks, but some people may become more severely ill. Following flu infection, moderate complications such as secondary ear and sinus infections can occur.