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Which of the following projections will best demonstrate the Zygapophyseal joints of the cervical spine?

PA projection

Which cervical spine projection demonstrates the Zygapophyseal joint between C1 and C2?

Cervical & Thoracic Spine

Question Answer
Which two things can be done to minimize the effects of scatter radiation on lateral projections of the thoracic and lumbar spine? Lead mat behind patient & close side collimation
Which projection best demonstrates the zygapophyseal joints between C1 & C2? AP open mouth

What type of CR angulation is required for the AP axial projection for the cervical spine?

CH. 8

front 25 Which factor is most important to open up the intervertebral joint spaces for a lateral thoracic spine projection? back 25 Keep vertebral column parallel to tabletop.
front 28 How much CR angulation is required for the AP axial projection for the cervical spine? back 28 15 to 20 cephalad

Which landmarks are aligned for the AP projection in the open mouth position?

Positioning of the Cervical and Thoracic Spine

Question Answer
T/F Many geriatric patients have a fear of falling off the radiographic table. True.
Which two landmarks must be aligned for an AP “open mouth” projection. The lower margin of upper incisors and the base of the skull.

What is the central ray angle for an AP thoracic spine?

When the shoulder is immobile and cannot be depressed sufficiently for the cervicothoracic region lateral projection (swimmer’s technique), the central ray is angled: 0 degrees. What is the central-ray angle for an AP thoracic spine? 20 degrees.

What is an Odontoid view?

The odontoid process (also dens or odontoid peg) is a protuberance (process or projection) of the Axis (second cervical vertebra). On the back of the neck, and frequently extending on to its lateral surfaces, is a shallow groove for the Transverse Ligament of the Atlas which retains the process in position.

Which vertebra has an Odontoid process?

second cervical vertebra

Is the dens on C1 or C2?

Cervical spine. Note uniquely shaped atlas and axis (C1 and C2). The atlas is ring-shaped and does not have a body, unlike the rest of the vertebrae. Fused remnants of the atlas body have become part of C2, where they are called the odontoid process, or dens.

Which vertebra has a projection called Odontoid process?

The odontoid process is a projection found on the axis which is the second cervical vertebrae not the atlas.

What nerves are affected by C1-C2?

Problems at the C1-C2 vertebral levels may affect the vertebrae, the C2 spinal nerve, and/or the spinal cord.

What does the C2 nerve control?

C1, C2, and C3 (the first three cervical nerves) help control the head and neck, including movements forward, backward, and to the sides. The C2 dermatome handles sensation for the upper part of the head, and the C3 dermatome covers the side of the face and back of the head.

What happens if you break your C1 and C2?

C1 and C2 Vertebrae Breaks, Fractures, and Misalignments Due to the high level and placing of these vertebrae at the top of the neck, having a C2 or C1 vertebrae out of place or suffering sustained damage is most often fatal (or leaves the individual fully paralyzed).

Is there a disc between C1 and C2?

There is no intervertebral disc between C1 and C2, which is unique in the spine.

What happens when C1 is out of alignment?

If the C1 or C2 vertebra is out of place, they can be placing undue pressure on the brainstem, causing it to send improper signals to the brain. The brain may think the body is in motion when it is not actually moving, leading to the symptoms of vertigo.

Can you recover from a C2 fracture?

Successful repair of the broken parts of the bone can lead to excellent recoveries. The long-term prognosis is good. In some cases, the C2 and C3 vertebrae are fused together. In one study, fusion surgery done through the back of the neck proved to be 100 percent successful within six months.

What happens if you fracture your C2?

However, the fracture can be very unstable. Without treatment, the bones may shift, leading to increasing deformity that can result in serious damage to the spinal cord or progressive pain. If the spinal cord is damaged, symptoms can include pain, sensory loss, weakness, paralysis, and/or death.

How long does a neck injury take to heal?

Recovery from a neck sprain or strain With proper treatment and rest, most patients will recover from a neck strain or sprain within four to six weeks. If the strain or sprain is severe, it can take three months or more to fully recover.

What does a cervical fracture feel like?

However it happens, this kind of trauma is serious and scary. A neck fracture can paralyze you or even lead to death. If you fracture your neck, you’ll feel extreme pain, swelling, and a loss of feeling in your arms and legs. You shouldn’t be moved, and you should go to the hospital right away.

How do you fix a torn ligament in your neck?

The recommended treatment for sprains and strains, wherever they are located in the body, is similar: rest, ice, compression and elevation, followed by simple exercises to relieve pain and restore mobility. Neck sprains and strains typically heal gradually over time, with appropriate treatment.

What are the signs of a neck injury?

5 Key Symptoms of a Neck Injury

  • General Stiffness. Stiffness is a symptom of many neck injuries.
  • Decreased Range of Motion. Neck injuries can also result in less range of motion – which is often related to general stiffness symptoms above.
  • Headaches and Dizziness.
  • Sprains and Strains.
  • Tingling and Numbness.

Can’t turn neck all way?

Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Keep moving, but avoid jerking or painful activities. This helps calm your symptoms and reduce inflammation. Do slow range-of-motion exercises, up and down, side to side, and from ear to ear.

How do you fix torticollis in adults?

What Is the Treatment for Torticollis? Treatment for torticollis aims to relax the contracted neck muscles involved. Treatments include medication, physical devices, botulinum toxin, physical therapy, stretching exercises, and surgery. In most people, torticollis resolves in several days to a few weeks.

When should I worry about a stiff neck?

A stiff neck is generally not a cause for alarm. However, see a doctor if: The stiffness is accompanied by other symptoms, such as a fever, a headache, or irritability. The stiffness does not go away within a few days and after trying home treatments such as NSAIDs and gentle stretching.

What does it mean when you can’t turn your neck to the left?

The medical term for this is ‘torticollis’, when the neck gets stuck with your head twisted to one side. It may be due to strain of the muscles or ligaments of the neck, making the muscles go into spasm. Sleeping in a draught or an uncomfortable position may bring it on.

What does a blood clot in your neck feel like?

Blood clots can cause swelling in the veins of your neck or arms, but this is rare. Thrombphlebitis affects superficial veins and is a different condition than a deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Symptoms of thrombophlebitis include swelling, redness, and tenderness over the affected vein.

What does a pinched nerve in the neck feel like?

Pinched nerve signs and symptoms include: Numbness or decreased sensation in the area supplied by the nerve. Sharp, aching or burning pain, which may radiate outward. Tingling, pins and needles sensations (paresthesia)

Is neck pain a sign of stroke?

The most common symptom on presentation is headache and neck pain (in about half of the patient), followed by signs of stroke. The warning signs of a stroke include: Numbness or weakness in your face, arm or leg, especially limited to one side. Trouble speaking or slurred speech.

Is neck pain a sign of high blood pressure?

If the neck is in pain, it could mean that the signaling system between the brain and the neck is not working properly. If the signaling system in your neck is not working properly, it can be one of the presenting symptoms in high blood pressure.

What are signs of a stroke in a woman?

Signs of Stroke in Men and Women

  • Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech.
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.