Press "Enter" to skip to content

Table of Contents
  1. Which of the following correctly describes the first nation to fund exploratory journeys beyond the boundaries of Europe and their reason for doing so?
  2. Who was the first nation to fund exploratory journeys beyond the boundaries of Europe?
  3. Which Indian empire dominated modern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest?
  4. Why did Europeans consider the Indians they met to be savages regardless of their cultural achievements?
  5. How did the English experience in Ireland Impact English behavior in the new world?
  6. Which of the following best describes the reason for Spanish and Portuguese exploitation of native labor?
  7. Why was Spain jealous of Portugal?
  8. What were Spain’s goals and objectives for colonizing the New World?
  9. What was the Encomienda system and how did the Spaniards benefit from it?
  10. What was the impact of the Encomienda system?
  11. How was the Encomienda system bad?
  12. What did the Encomenderos expect in return?
  13. Who ended the Encomienda system?
  14. When was Hacienda abolished?
  15. What was the real motivation behind the Encomienda system?
  16. Where was the Encomienda system used?
  17. What were the long term consequences of Spain abolished the Encomienda system?
  18. Why did African slavery replace the Encomienda system?
  19. What were three reasons for the growth of slavery?
  20. Why did African slavery replace indentured servitude after 1676?
  21. Why did African slavery replace Native American slavery on the Encomienda system quizlet?
  22. What is the difference between encomienda and slavery?
  23. What is Sepulveda’s point of view towards natives?
  24. Did the Europeans and natives get along?
  25. How did the English and natives get along?
  26. What did the French do to the natives?
  27. Why did Spanish cut off natives hands?
  28. Which country has the best relationship with the natives?
  29. What was the number one cause of death in Native Americans during colonization?

Which of the following correctly describes the first nation to fund exploratory journeys beyond the boundaries of Europe and their reason for doing so?

Ahe first nation to fund exploratory journeys beyond the boundaries of Europe was: importation of European diseases.

Who was the first nation to fund exploratory journeys beyond the boundaries of Europe?

Spain

Which Indian empire dominated modern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest?

The Aztecs were the Native American people who dominated northern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. A nomadic culture, the Aztecs eventually settled on several small islands in Lake Texcoco where, in 1325, they founded the town of Tenochtitlan, modern-day Mexico City.

Why did Europeans consider the Indians they met to be savages regardless of their cultural achievements?

Why did Europeans consider the Indians they met to be “savages”, regardless of their cultural achievements? These Indians did not develop political systems or large empires. They created societies that relied on hunting, fishing, and gathering. Eventually, tribes began relying on agriculture.

How did the English experience in Ireland Impact English behavior in the new world?

The English experiences of colonizing Ireland affected their colonization of America by making them see the Native Americans as a threat and as culturally inferior.

Which of the following best describes the reason for Spanish and Portuguese exploitation of native labor?

Which of the following best describes the reason for Spanish and Portuguese exploitation of native labor? Native labourers could be forced to work for little or no pay.

Why was Spain jealous of Portugal?

Portugal’s neighbor, Spain, was jealous of Portugal’s expeditions and the resulting wealth and wanted to begin its own explorations. By this time, both Spain and Portugal had become incredibly wealthy from their own expeditions and England wanted to gain land and wealth for itself.

What were Spain’s goals and objectives for colonizing the New World?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

What was the Encomienda system and how did the Spaniards benefit from it?

The encomienda system allowed for a vast accumulation of wealth by the conquistadors and the Spanish crown. They benefited from the discovery of gold and silver in the New World, and the mining of those metals by their laborers.

What was the impact of the Encomienda system?

The encomienda system allowed the Conquistadors to get rewarded for their role in conquering New Spain. It also was a good way of extracting wealth from the land. It hurt the Spanish overall, to some extent, by making it harder to attract lots of Spanish to colonize.

How was the Encomienda system bad?

The Encomienda system was totally abused – the Conquistadors were thousands of miles away from Spain and they behaved as they saw fit. The natives were abused, oppressed, exploited, ill-treated and decimated by the Spanish Conquistadors. The Indians lost their freedom, their rights, their culture and their religion.

What did the Encomenderos expect in return?

In return, encomenderos were obliged to provide for the protection, education, and religious welfare of Indians. Vacated or expired encomiendas were either reassigned or placed under the control of Crown officials as corregimientos with tribute paid to the Crown.

Who ended the Encomienda system?

The encomienda system was generally replaced by the crown-managed repartimiento system throughout Spanish America after mid-sixteenth century.

When was Hacienda abolished?

1917

What was the real motivation behind the Encomienda system?

Although the original intent of the encomienda was to reduce the abuses of forced labour (repartimiento) employed shortly after Europeans’ 15th-century discovery of the New World, in practice it became a form of enslavement.

Where was the Encomienda system used?

Peru

What were the long term consequences of Spain abolished the Encomienda system?

the long term consequence of this action was that the United States once again belonged to its original inhabitants for the next 12 years. what was the long term consequence of the Spanish abolishing the encomienda system? the buying and selling of Africans for work in the americas.

Why did African slavery replace the Encomienda system?

8. What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.

What were three reasons for the growth of slavery?

These seven factors led to the development of the slave trade:

  • The importance of the West Indian colonies.
  • The shortage of labour.
  • The failure to find alternative sources of labour.
  • The legal position.
  • Racial attitudes.
  • Religious factors.
  • Military factors.

Why did African slavery replace indentured servitude after 1676?

Landowners turned to African slaves as a more profitable and ever-renewable source of labor and the shift from indentured servants to racial slavery had begun.

Why did African slavery replace Native American slavery on the Encomienda system quizlet?

Why did African slavery replace Native American slavery on the Encomienda System? Americans had home field advantage, British supplies was far away, strong motivation to fight, and George Washington.

What is the difference between encomienda and slavery?

When the Spaniards conquered the New World, they resorted to a form of native labor organization called the encomienda. The encomienda differed from slavery in that the Crown imposed inheritance, trading, and relocation restrictions on encomenderos.

What is Sepulveda’s point of view towards natives?

He claimed that the Indians had no ruler, and no laws, so any civilized man could legitimately appropriate them. In other words, SepĂșlveda considered the Indians to be pre-social men with no rights or property.

Did the Europeans and natives get along?

Initially, the relationship between the two cultures was amicable. However, throughout the 1600-1800’s, this relationship would evolve and change over time. The Native American resistance to European expansion in North American occurred due to social, economic, and political pressures.

How did the English and natives get along?

While Native Americans and English settlers in the New England territories first attempted a mutual relationship based on trade and a shared dedication to spirituality, soon disease and other conflicts led to a deteriorated relationship and, eventually, the First Indian War.

What did the French do to the natives?

French-Native relations also brought chaos to the region. The fur trade brought the spread of guns, contagious diseases, and alcohol. French demand for Native slaves resulted in Native people raiding other Indigenous communities.

Why did Spanish cut off natives hands?

One of the first things Europeans did upon their arrival to the Americas was to dig for gold. The Conquistadores would set quotas of how much gold each Indian had to bring and if these were not met their hands would be cut off in order to “teach” the rest a lesson.

Which country has the best relationship with the natives?

The French had the best relationship thus far with the Native Americans. They could not have survived without them, and better coexisted with them than other colonies.

What was the number one cause of death in Native Americans during colonization?

When the Europeans arrived, carrying germs which thrived in dense, semi-urban populations, the indigenous people of the Americas were effectively doomed. They had never experienced smallpox, measles or flu before, and the viruses tore through the continent, killing an estimated 90% of Native Americans.