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Which best describes the storage of the genetic code Brainly?

Which best describes the storage of the genetic code Brainly?

The genetic code is stored in the DNA. DNA is a molecule formed by a sugar, deoxyribose, a phosphate group and four combined nitrogen bases: Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Cytosine (C) and Guanine (G).

What is the storage of genetic information?

Genetic information is stored in the sequence of bases along a nucleic acid chain. The bases have an additional special property: they form specific pairs with one another that are stabilized by hydrogen bonds. The base pairing results in the formation of a double helix, a helical structure consisting of two strands.

What characteristics describe the genetic code of humans?

Answer: The genetic code has four main features: Three nucleotides/bases encode an amino acid, there are 20 different amino acids which are the building blocks for proteins. The genetic code is non-overlapping, for example a sequence UGGAUCGAU is read UGG AUC GAU rather than UGG GGA GAU etc.

Why genetic code is important?

The genetic code is (nearly) universal Even in organisms that don’t use the “standard” code, the differences are relatively small, such as a change in the amino acid encoded by a particular codon. A genetic code shared by diverse organisms provides important evidence for the common origin of life on Earth.

How do you write a genetic code?

The Genetic Code is stored on one of the two strands of a DNA molecules as a linear, non-overlapping sequence of the nitrogenous bases Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C) and Thymine (T). These are the “alphabet” of letters that are used to write the “code words”.

What does CAU code for?

Amino acids Symbols Codons
Glycine Gly GGA, GGC, GGG, GGU
Histidine His CAC, CAU
Isoleucine Ile AUA, AUC, AUU
Lysine Lys AAA, AAG

How long is the genetic code?

64 entries

What is your genetic code?

The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded in genetic material (DNA or RNA sequences) is translated into proteins (amino acid sequences) by living cells. Those genes that code for proteins are composed of tri-nucleotide units called codons, each coding for a single amino acid.

Why the genetic code is universal?

DNA is considered a universal genetic code because every known living organism has genes made of DNA. All organisms also use DNA to transcribe RNA, and then they translate that RNA into proteins. Every living organism uses that same system. Basically, every three pieces of DNA becomes one amino acid.

What can a genetic test tell you?

Genetic tests can help to:

  • Diagnose disease.
  • Identify gene changes that are responsible for an already diagnosed disease.
  • Determine the severity of a disease.
  • Guide doctors in deciding on the best medicine or treatment to use for certain individuals.
  • Identify gene changes that may increase the risk to develop a disease.

Can DNA tell how old you are?

For this you would need more than just their DNA, you would need some tissue as well. As you can see, while DNA can be used to learn all sorts of things about a person, at this time DNA isn’t like tree rings or tooth enamel — it can’t tell you your age.

Can a blood test tell your age?

Fairground palmists who claim to tell your age could soon be out of work. Just 22 metabolites in the blood can now be used to estimate age from a single blood test, and possibly even reveal early signs of diseases associated with ageing.

What is your biological age?

Your biological age indicates how much aging and damage has occurred inside your body over the course of your lifetime. The biological age calculations are accurate predictors of your healthspan and lifespan. It might sound obvious, but aging is the leading risk factor for disease.

Can you inherit height?

Scientists estimate that about 80 percent of an individual’s height is determined by the DNA sequence variants they have inherited, but which genes these variants are in and what they do to affect height are only partially understood.

Do sons grow taller than their fathers?

If you are a man with average height, you can expect your son to be a few inches (centimeters) taller than you. This is because the regression line and the SD line both coincide at the average heights. For instance, a father with an average height of 67.7 inches (172cm) will have a 68.7-inch-tall (175cm-tall) son.