Press "Enter" to skip to content

Which base is not present in nucleic acids?

Complete step by step answer: In the case of nucleic acids, the nitrogen bases of the nucleic acids are, So, among the given options, the guideline is not present in nucleic acid.

What are the three examples of nucleic acids?

Examples of Nucleic Acids

  • deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  • ribonucleic acid (RNA)
  • messenger RNA (mRNA)
  • transfer RNA (tRNA)
  • ribosomal RNA (rRNA)

How is ATP used in our bodies?

ATP is consumed for energy in processes including ion transport, muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, substrate phosphorylation, and chemical synthesis. These processes, as well as others, create a high demand for ATP.

Where is ATP made?

mitochondria

How are ATP and glucose similar?

ATP and glucose are similar because they are both chemical sources of energy used by cells. ATP in that cells can regenerate ATP to ADP anytime as needed using the energy in carbohydrates like glucose They are different in terms of composition and structure. Glucose is made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen only.

What is dATP used for?

Deoxyadenosine triphosphate (dATP) is a nucleotide used in cells for DNA synthesis (or replication), as a substrate of DNA polymerase. It is classified as a purine nucleoside triphosphate, with its chemical structure consisting of a deoxyribose sugar molecule bound to an adenine and to three phosphate groups.

What are the common structural characteristics of ATP and DNA molecules?

The common structural characteristic of ATP and DNA molecules is that both have a sugar, a phosphate and a base. ATP contains ribose sugar and adenine base while DNA contains deoxyribose sugar and all the four different bases of adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine.

How many phosphate groups are there in DNA?

three phosphate groups

Which part of the DNA molecule contains nitrogen?

In turn, each nucleotide is itself made up of three primary components: a nitrogen-containing region known as a nitrogenous base, a carbon-based sugar molecule called deoxyribose, and a phosphorus-containing region known as a phosphate group attached to the sugar molecule (Figure 1).

What are the four base pairs in DNA?

These chemical bonds act like rungs in a ladder and help hold the two strands of DNA together. There are four nucleotides, or bases, in DNA: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). These bases form specific pairs (A with T, and G with C).

What are strands of DNA called?

The two DNA strands are known as polynucleotides as they are composed of simpler monomeric units called nucleotides. Each nucleotide is composed of one of four nitrogen-containing nucleobases (cytosine [C], guanine [G], adenine [A] or thymine [T]), a sugar called deoxyribose, and a phosphate group.

What do ATCG stand for in DNA?

Adenosine Thymine Cytosine Guanine