- When a unicellular organism grows the number of its cells increases?
- Which of the cells that make up a multicellular organism undergo mitosis?
- Why is it important for cells of multicellular organism to undergo mitosis?
- Which type of cell is created during meiosis?
- What are the small cells called in meiosis?
- Is meiosis in the cell cycle?
- How is meiosis controlled?
- What is S phase in mitosis?
- What is ploidy analysis?
When a unicellular organism grows the number of its cells increases?
An organism only grows by increasing its number of cells. The first microscope was made in the late 1800s. Cell division results in reproduction,growth, replacement, and recycling of the organism. Unicellular organisms do respond to their environment.
Which of the cells that make up a multicellular organism undergo mitosis?
Why is it important for cells of multicellular organism to undergo mitosis?
Multicellular organisms depend on mitosis for growth and repair. When an animal, plant or other multicellular organism grows, it makes more cells through mitosis. Organisms can repair some of their tissues, using mitosis to regenerate new cells.
Which type of cell is created during meiosis?
What are the small cells called in meiosis?
The small cell, called the first polar body, contains almost no cytoplasm, but still sequesters the other half of the genetic material. This process repeats in meiosis II, giving rise to the egg and to an additional polar body. These differences in meiosis reflect the roles of each of the sex cells.
Is meiosis in the cell cycle?
The two meiotic divisions are known as meiosis I and meiosis II. Before meiosis begins, during S phase of the cell cycle, the DNA of each chromosome is replicated so that it consists of two identical sister chromatids, which remain held together through sister chromatid cohesion.
How is meiosis controlled?
The events of meiosis are controlled by a protein enzyme complex known collectively as maturation promoting factor (MPF). In effect, the rate of synthesis of these proteins controls the frequency and rate of meiosis in all sexually reproducing organisms from the simplest to the most complex.
What is S phase in mitosis?
G1 is an intermediate phase occupying the time between the end of cell division in mitosis and the beginning of DNA replication during S phase. S phase, or synthesis, is the phase of the cell cycle when DNA packaged into chromosomes is replicated.
What is ploidy analysis?
Ploidy analysis is a test that measures the amount of DNA in tumor cells. It is also called DNA ploidy analysis.