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What types of cells undergo mitosis?

What types of cells undergo mitosis?

Mitosis is the process in cell division by which the nucleus of the cell divides (in a multiple phase), giving rise to two identical daughter cells. Mitosis happens in all eukaryotic cells (plants, animals, and fungi). It is the process of cell renewal and growth in a plant, animal or fungus.

How many chromosomes are in each cell after mitosis?

46 chromosomes

Does mitosis produce 4 cells that each have 23 chromosomes?

After mitosis two identical cells are created with the same original number of chromosomes, 46. Haploid cells that are generated through meiosis, such as egg and sperm, only have 23 chromosomes, because, remember, meiosis is a “reduction division.”…Mitosis Vs. Meiosis.

Mitosis Meiosis
Number of cells at completion 2 4

How many daughter cells are created when a cell with 10 chromosomes undergoes mitosis?

Two daughter cells

How many chromosomes do the four daughter cells have after meiosis?

A human cell has 46 total or 23 pairs of chromosomes. Following mitosis, the daughter cells would each have a total of ______ chromosomes….Problem 1: Number of chromosomes.

A. 46, 46, 46
D. 46, 12, 12

Do sister chromatids separate during mitosis?

A sister chromatid refers to the identical copies (chromatids) formed by the DNA replication of a chromosome, with both copies joined together by a common centromere. The two sister chromatids are separated from each other into two different cells during mitosis or during the second division of meiosis.

Why do sister chromatids separate during mitosis?

Metaphase leads to anaphase, during which each chromosome’s sister chromatids separate and move to opposite poles of the cell. Enzymatic breakdown of cohesin — which linked the sister chromatids together during prophase — causes this separation to occur.

What is the function of sister chromatids?

The primary function of sister chromatids is to pass on a complete set of chromosomes to all the daughter cells formed as a result of cell division. During mitosis, they are attached to each other through the centromere – a stretch of DNA that forms protein complexes.

Why do sister chromatids remain together in anaphase I separate in anaphase II of meiosis?

Briefly explain why sister chromatids remain together in anaphase I but separate in anaphase II of meiosis. At the end of metaphase II, the protection of the cohesin molecules at the centromeres is lost, and the separase proteins can now cleave the cohesin complex, which allows the sister chromatids to separate.

Do sister chromatids separate in meiosis?

In many ways, meiosis is a lot like mitosis. Homologue pairs separate during a first round of cell division, called meiosis I. Sister chromatids separate during a second round, called meiosis II. Since cell division occurs twice during meiosis, one starting cell can produce four gametes (eggs or sperm).