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What type of circulation is generated by differences in salinity and temperature?

Ocean currents can be caused by wind, density differences in water masses caused by temperature and salinity variations, gravity, and events such as earthquakes or storms. Currents are cohesive streams of seawater that circulate through the ocean.

What causes thermohaline circulation?

Thermohaline circulation begins in the Earth’s polar regions. When ocean water in these areas gets very cold, sea ice forms. These deep-ocean currents are driven by differences in the water’s density, which is controlled by temperature (thermo) and salinity (haline). This process is known as thermohaline circulation.

What if thermohaline circulation stopped?

– If global warming shuts down the thermohaline circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean, the result could be catastrophic climate change. Between Greenland and Norway, the water cools, sinks into the deep ocean, and begins flowing back to the south.

Does frozen sea water contain salt?

Fresh water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit but seawater freezes at about 28.4 degrees Fahrenheit , because of the salt in it. When seawater freezes, however, the ice contains very little salt because only the water part freezes. It can be melted down to use as drinking water.

Why do oceans not freeze?

The high concentration of salt in ocean water lowers its freezing point from 32° F (0° C) to 28° F (-2° C). As a result, the ambient temperature must reach a lower point in order to freeze the ocean than to freeze freshwater lakes.

Why is pool water warm at night?

In another words, water retains heat longer than air molecules as a result pool water stay warmer even at cool night similar to the hot day temperature, even though the night temperatures drop by 20 or 30 degrees from the day time temperatures. …

What is considered warm beach water?

Water Temperature of the Sea Equal to or Above 26°C (79°F) For swimming in this is considered very warm and would be enjoyed be all. With this temperature you can stay active in the water for extended periods of time without feeling uncomfortable.