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What pathways are used to make ATP?

In general, the main energy source for cellular metabolism is glucose, which is catabolized in the three subsequent processes—glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA or Krebs cycle), and finally oxidative phosphorylation—to produce ATP.

What metabolic pathway produces the most ATP?

oxidative phosphorylation

Are metabolic pathways reversible?

Metabolic pathways can be reversible or irreversible. Almost all pathways are reversible. If a specific enzyme or substrate isn’t available in a pathway then sometimes an end product can still be made using an alternative route (another metabolic pathway).

Which are metabolic regulators in our body?

Thyroid hormones are known as potent hypothalamic regulators of whole-body energy homeostasis.

How are metabolic processes regulated in the body?

Regulation of metabolic pathways includes regulation of an enzyme in a pathway by increasing or decreasing its response to signals. Control involves monitoring the effects that these changes in an enzyme’s activity have on the overall rate of the pathway.

What hormone regulates metabolism?

Thyroid hormone (TH) regulates metabolic processes essential for normal growth and development as well as regulating metabolism in the adult (28, 40, 189). It is well established that thyroid hormone status correlates with body weight and energy expenditure (80, 127, 143).

What four hormones have hyperglycemic effects?

Hormones such as the growth hormone, glucagon, cortisol and catecholamines, can cause hyperglycemia when they are present in the body in excess amounts.

What hormone suppresses the appetite?

Leptin is a hormone, made by fat cells, that decreases your appetite. Ghrelin is a hormone that increases appetite, and also plays a role in body weight. Levels of leptin — the appetite suppressor — are lower when you’re thin and higher when you’re fat.