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What is the name of the lipid with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions that makes up the bilayer of the plasma membrane?

Phospholipids

Why is it important that the phospholipid bilayer be both hydrophobic and hydrophilic?

It is important that the phospholipid bilayer is both hydrophobic in the surface and hydrophilic inside to control and manage the incoming organic compounds mainly water from exceeding the needed amount or destablizing the concentration established by the cells.

What holds the lipid bilayer together?

The lipid bilayer is a noncovalent assembly. The proteins and lipid molecules are held together by noncovalent interactions such as Van der Waals forces (which holds the hydrophobic tails together) and hydrogen bonding (which binds the hydrophilic heads with water), which help to stabilize the lipid bilayer structure.

How is the phospholipid bilayer both hydrophilic and hydrophobic?

As the phosphate groups are polar and hydrophilic, they are attracted to water in the intracellular fluid. Phospholipid BilayerThe phospholipid bilayer consists of two adjacent sheets of phospholipids, arranged tail to tail. The hydrophobic tails associate with one another, forming the interior of the membrane.

Can a molecule be hydrophilic and hydrophobic at the same time?

The main constituent of membranes, the part that forms the boundary or barrier, is a molecule called a phospholipid which has the special property of being both hydrophobic and hydrophilic at the same time.

Which proteins go all the way through the bilayer?

Proteins called integral proteins go all the way through the bilayer, while peripheral proteins are only on one side. Integral proteins are also called channel proteins.

What is the importance of cGMP?

cGMPs provide for systems that assure proper design, monitoring, and control of manufacturing processes and facilities. Adherence to the cGMP regulations assures the identity, strength, quality, and purity of drug products by requiring that manufacturers of medications adequately control manufacturing operations.

Is Dag a second messenger?

DAG and IP3 are second messengers that can act independently or in unison. DAG activates protein kinase C and IP3 binds to a receptor on the endoplasmic reticulum to release calcium from intracellular stores.

How is no cause vasodilation?

Nitric oxide (NO) is a mediator of vasodilation in blood vessels. It is induced by several factors, and once synthesized by eNOS it results in phosphorylation of several proteins that cause smooth muscle relaxation.