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What is the molecular weight of styrene?

104.15 g/mol

Is Styrene a liquid or gas?

Styrene is primarily a synthetic chemical. It is also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene. It’s a colorless liquid that evaporates easily and has a sweet smell.

How dangerous is styrene?

Health effects of styrene include irritation of the skin, eyes, and the upper respiratory tract. Acute exposure may also result in gastrointestinal effects.

What kind of cancer does styrene cause?

Human Studies: The limited evidence for cancer from styrene in humans is from occupational studies showing increased risks for lymphohematopoietic cancers, such as leukemia and lymphoma, and genetic damage in the white blood cells, or lymphocytes, of workers exposed to styrene.

How much exposure to styrene is dangerous?

OSHA Standards: The OSHA standard is 100 ppm (425 mg/m3). Styrene has a permissible exposure limit (PEL) to protect workers during an 8-hour shift over a 40-hour workweek. The OSHA short-term limit (STEL) is 200 ppm. OSHA has also set a ceiling limit, a five-minute peak in any three hours, of 600 ppm.

Is Styrene a poisonous gas?

Styrene is highly flammable and releases a poisonous gas when burnt. If a person inhales styrene, it can have an adverse impact on the nervous system, changes in colour vision, tiredness, feeling drunk, slowed reaction time, concentration problems, and balance problems

What happens if we inhale styrene gas?

According to the Atlanta-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the health effects due to inhalation of styrene gas include tiredness, feeling drunk, slowed reaction time, concentration problems, balance problems and changes in colour vision

What are the side effects of styrene gas?

Immediate effects of inhalation of styrene gas can cause breathing difficulties, nausea and sore eyes. The inhalation affects the respiratory system in a matter of minutes and can cause vomiting, burning sensation and rashes on skin, unconsciousness and can even result in death in a matter of minutes

What is the effect of styrene gas?

Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system, such as headache, fatigue, weakness and depression, central nervous system dysfunction and hearing loss. Polystyrene is a versatile plastic used to make a wide variety of consumer products

What can go wrong with styrene?

Styrene has low oral toxicity and moderate inhalation toxicity. Styrene vapours are an irritant to eyes, gastro-intestinal tract, mucous membranes, and respiratory tract. But long-term health effects of styrene are very small. There is no evidence that it induces any kind of cancer

How do you protect gas from styrene?

The inhalation of styrene vapour should be avoided, if necessary by using personal respiratory protection. Prevent resins coming into contact with skin and eyes by wearing appropriate safety clothing such as gloves, coveralls and goggles.

What is styrene gas used for?

Styrene is used to make insulation, pipes, automobile parts, printing cartridges and copy machine toner, food containers, packaging material, carpet backing, luggage, shoes, toys, floor waxes and polishes, according to US National Library of Medicine

How many died in Vizag gas leak?

12 people

Which gas is leaked in Vizag?

styrene gas leakage

What foods contain styrene?

Styrene is naturally present in many foods, such as cinnamon, beef, coffee beans, peanuts, wheat, oats, strawberries and peaches. In addition, FDA has approved styrene as a food additive – it can be added in small amounts to baked goods, frozen dairy products, candy, gelatins, puddings and other food.

What does styrene do to the body?

Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS), such as headache, fatigue, weakness, and depression, CSN dysfunction, hearing loss, and peripheral neuropathy.

Why is styrene toxic?

Toxicological effects Acute exposure of animals to styrene vapour causes irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract and central nervous system (CNS) effects. Long-term contact with styrene results in blistering of the skin and development of dermatitis, which is thought to be due to defatting of the skin (13).

How is styrene poisoning treated?

What Treatments are Available for Styrene Toxicity? The only treatment for styrene toxicity is treating the effects and symptoms of exposure and avoiding re-exposure to styrene. This includes monitoring for styrene-related cancers and tumors

Does Styrofoam release toxins?

It leaches into food and drink. and heat, a Styrofoam container’s toxins (like benzene and styrene) seep into the contents. But even with cold or dry food, contact with Styrofoam is unhealthy. A huge portion of our food contains styrene contamination.

How far can styrene gas travel?

An industry expert from Visakhapatnam, who did not want to be named said, “Styrene gas can’t travel more than 500 meters approximately. So this gas may be a mixture of Styrene with some hazardous chemicals used in depolymerisation.” He also pointed out that there is no precedence of deaths due to Styrene gas alone

How do you stop a gas leak from styrene?

After you come in contact with Styrene gas, there is only one way to treat the effects of the gas. You have to wash your skin and eyes with water properly and provide breathing support in case of ingestion

What caused Vizag gas leak?

The leak was from one of two chemical tanks that had been left unattended since March 2020 due to the COVID-19 lockdown. The malfunctioning of the tank’s refrigerating unit led to an increase in temperature, causing the liquid chemical, suspected to be styrene, to evaporate.

Which gas is leaked in Bhopal?

methyl isocyanate gas

Which gas is leaked from LG Polymers?

styrene gas

Which gas leak was responsible for deaths in Visakhapatnam tragedy recently?

Which gas leak was responsible for deaths?

Bhopal disaster

Memorial by Dutch artist Ruth Kupferschmidt for those killed and disabled by the 1984 toxic gas release
Date 2 December 1984 – 3 December 1984
Also known as Bhopal gas tragedy
Cause Methyl isocyanate leak from Union Carbide India Limited plant
Deaths At least 3,787; over 16,000 claimed

How does gas leak happen?

Gas leaks happen when a gas line or a gas-burning appliance springs a leak. Natural gas flowing seeps out of the leak into open areas. Carbon monoxide poisoning isn’t actually caused by gas leaks themselves, but happens when appliances burning gas aren’t working correctly, and can’t burn the gas completely