Press "Enter" to skip to content

What is the main cause of natural selection?

The mechanism that Darwin proposed for evolution is natural selection. Because resources are limited in nature, organisms with heritable traits that favor survival and reproduction will tend to leave more offspring than their peers, causing the traits to increase in frequency over generations.

How does natural selection cause extinction?

Natural selection leads to adaptation, that is, to a population dominated by organisms that are anatomically, behaviorally, and physiologically well suited to survive and reproduce in a specific environment. Species become extinct because they can no longer survive and reproduce in their altered environment.

Which statement is true about natural selection and evolution?

The correct statement is – Natural Selection is the process by which ‘organisms with more beneficial traits’ are likely to survive and reproduce. EXPLANATION: Natural selection is the process of ‘differential survival’ and ‘reproduction in organisms’ that have different phenotype.

What is Darwin’s definition of natural selection?

The theory of evolution by natural selection, first formulated in Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species” in 1859, is the process by which organisms change over time as a result of changes in heritable physical or behavioral traits.

What are the four rules of natural selection?

Four conditions are needed for natural selection to occur: reproduction, heredity, variation in fitness or organisms, variation in individual characters among members of the population. If they are met, natural selection automatically results.

What is the difference between mechanism and natural selection?

Evolution is a gradual change in the inherited traits of a population over many generations. Natural selection is a mechanism where the members of a population best suited to their environment have the best chance of surviving to pass on their genes.