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What is the chemical reaction for ozone?

Ozone is formed when heat and sunlight cause chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOX ) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), which are also known as Hydrocarbons. This reaction can occur both near the ground and high in the atmosphere.

How do CFCs react with ozone?

Once in the atmosphere, CFCs drift slowly upward to the stratosphere, where they are broken up by ultraviolet radiation, releasing chlorine atoms, which are able to destroy ozone molecules. The seasons have an impact on the Antarctic ozone hole. When sunlight returns in the spring, the chlorine begins to destroy ozone.

What are the reactions involved in ozone layer depletion?

What are the reactions involved for ozone layer depletion in the stratosphere? Once released CFCs mix with atmospheric gases and reach the stratosphere, where they are decomposed by UV radiations. The regeneration of Cl(g) causes a continuous breakdown of ozone present in the stratosphere, damaging the ozone layer.

What happens if we don’t have an ozone layer?

Without the Ozone layer in place, radiation from the sun would reach earth directly, damaging the DNA of plants and animals (Including humans). Skin cancer rates would be on the rise. Within days of the ozone layer’s disappearance, many plants would die.

What chemicals are being blamed for damaging the ozone layer?

The main cause of ozone depletion and the ozone hole is manufactured chemicals, especially manufactured halocarbon refrigerants, solvents, propellants, and foam- blowing agents (chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), HCFCs, halons), referred to as ozone-depleting substances (ODS).

Why is ozone hole only in Antarctica?

In the Southern Hemisphere, the South Pole is part of avery large land mass (Antarctica) that is completely surrounded by ocean. This chlorine and bromine activation then leads to rapid ozone loss when sunlight returns to Antarctica in September and October of each year, which then results in the Antarctic ozone hole.