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What is soil degradation and what are the causes of soil degradation?

Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Soils are a fundamental natural resource, and are the basis for all terrestrial life. Avoiding soil degradation is crucial to our well-being.

What are the effects of soil degradation?

The effects of soil erosion go beyond the loss of fertile land. It has led to increased pollution and sedimentation in streams and rivers, clogging these waterways and causing declines in fish and other species. And degraded lands are also often less able to hold onto water, which can worsen flooding.

What is soil degradation explain four reasons of soil degradation?

Some other factors as deforestation, extensive cultivation on marginal land, improper cultivation practices like mono-cropping, poor manuring, misuse of fertilizers or excess use of fertilizers, excessive irrigation, over-grazing, fragility of soil, adverse weather and mining may accelerate the process of soil …

How does soil degradation occur?

Soil degradation causes include agricultural, industrial, and commercial pollution; loss of arable land due to urban expansion, overgrazing, and unsustainable agricultural practices; and long-term climatic changes. The issues of soil health and impacts on human well-being are discussed in detail in Chapter 27.

What is the cause of degradation?

The main causes of the land degradation includes climate change, land clearance and deforestation, depletion of soil nutrients through poor farming practices, overgrazing and over grafting. In India, water erosion is the most prominent reason of land degradation.

What are two things you could do personally to help with environmental issues?

Ten Simple Things You Can Do to Help Protect the Earth

  • Reduce, reuse, and recycle. Cut down on what you throw away.
  • Volunteer. Volunteer for cleanups in your community.
  • Educate.
  • Conserve water.
  • Choose sustainable.
  • Shop wisely.
  • Use long-lasting light bulbs.
  • Plant a tree.