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What is photosynthesis energy transformation?

Photosynthesis is the process of transforming sunlight into chemical energy by storing it in the bonds of glucose or sugar. This process occurs in plants, bacteria and some protists, or algae to produce sugar as food.

How is energy transformed within a plant during the process of photosynthesis?

During the process of photosynthesis, light penetrates the cell and passes into the chloroplast. The light energy is intercepted by chlorophyll molecules on the granal stacks. Some of the light energy is converted to chemical energy. During this process, a phosphate is added to a molecule to cause the formation of ATP.

What happens to plants after photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis uses energy from light to convert water and carbon dioxide molecules into glucose (sugar molecule) and oxygen (Figure 2). The oxygen is released, or “exhaled”, from leaves while the energy contained within glucose molecules is used throughout the plant for growth, flower formation, and fruit development.

How do plants eat?

In photosynthesis, plants absorb the energy of light with a green pigment called chlorophyll. This is generally from sunlight, but artificial light also works. The energy is used to combine carbon dioxide plants absorb from the air and water plants absorb from the soil to form molecules of sugar.

How do plants gain weight?

During photosynthesis, plants convert the sun’s energy into chemical energy which is captured within the bonds of carbon molecules built from atmospheric carbon dioxide and water. Each year trees use the left-over carbon molecules to add to themselves, making themselves bigger in mass (size).

How do plants lose weight?

Loss of water in transpiration causes leaves to lose weight. A plant needs a constant flow of water. Too little water will cause cells to collapse and the plant will be unable to photosynthesise and cool itself.

Why do plants open stomata at night?

Stomata are mouth-like cellular complexes at the epidermis that regulate gas transfer between plants and atmosphere. In leaves, they typically open during the day to favor CO2 diffusion when light is available for photosynthesis, and close at night to limit transpiration and save water.

How do plants get oxygen at night?

Plants release oxygen during the day in the presence of natural light through the process of photosynthesis. While at night, the plants uptake oxygen and release carbon dioxide, which is called respiration.