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What is mantle convection?

What is mantle convection?

Mantle convection is the very slow creeping motion of Earth’s solid silicate mantle caused by convection currents carrying heat from the interior to the planet’s surface. This subducted material sinks through the Earth’s interior.

What will happen to the convection current in the mantle if Earth interior eventually cools down?

If Earth’s interior cools down, the convection currents in the mantle will stop. Earth’s hot core and mantle provide a source of heat that drives convection currents in the asthenosphere.

What is the process of convection currents?

Convection currents are the result of differential heating. Lighter (less dense), warm material rises while heavier (more dense) cool material sinks. It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere, in water, and in the mantle of Earth.

How are convection currents formed in magma?

As the water nears the lower levels of the crust, it gets heated up by the hot magma in the mantle layer beneath the crust. The heated fluid then begins to rise UP through the cracks & fissures, a process known as convection.

What heats the material in a convection current?

Magma in the Earth’s mantle moves in convection currents. The hot core heats the material above it, causing it to rise toward the crust, where it cools. The heat comes from the intense pressure on the rock, combined with the energy released from natural radioactive decay of elements.

What is the role of density changes in a convection cycle?

Convection is heat transfer due to a density differential within a fluid. As water’s temperature increases in the presence of a heat source, it will become less dense and rise. As it moves up and away from the heat source, it cools and becomes more dense and sinks.

Can you have convection if two liquids have the same densities?

Two liquids that have the same volume don’t necessarily have the same density. Density = mass/volume, so they would only have the same density if they also have the same mass.

Which of the following does not describe a convection process?

Answer. Explanation: In convection process heat is transferred by the bodily motion of the heated particles.IT is not so in case of warming of glass bulb due to filament heating. Infact,warming of glass bulb is due to radiation.

How is convection used in everyday life?

radiator – A radiator puts warm air out at the top and draws in cooler air at the bottom. steaming cup of hot tea – The steam you see when drinking a cup of hot tea indicates that heat is being transferred into the air. ice melting – Ice melts because heat moves to the ice from the air.

What are some real life examples of convection?

13 Examples Of Convection In Everyday Life

  • Breeze. The formation of sea and land breeze form the classic examples of convection.
  • Boiling Water. Convection comes into play while boiling water.
  • Blood Circulation in Warm-Blooded Mammals.
  • Air-Conditioner.
  • Radiator.
  • Refrigerator.
  • Hot Air Popper.
  • Hot Air Balloon.