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What is ethylene oxide used for?

Ethylene oxide (EtO) is produced in large volumes and is primarily used as an intermediate in the production of several industrial chemicals, the most notable of which is ethylene glycol. It is also used as a fumigant in certain agricultural products and as a sterilant for medical equipment and supplies.

What is ethylene oxide sterilization?

Ethylene Oxide (EtO) is a common gas used for low temperature sterilization. It is most commonly used to sterilize instruments with long lumens such as endoscopes and all materials that have to be sterilized but cannot withstand higher temperature.

What is ethylene oxide gas?

Ethylene oxide (EtO) is a flammable, colorless gas at temperatures above 51.3 ºF (10.7 ºC) that smells like ether at toxic levels. EtO is found in the production of solvents, antifreeze, textiles, detergents, adhesives, polyurethane foam, and pharmaceuticals.

Why is ethylene oxide dangerous?

Chronic (long-term) exposure to ethylene oxide in humans can cause irritation of the eyes, skin, nose, throat, and lungs, and damage to the brain and nervous system. Evidence in humans indicates that exposure to ethylene oxide increases the risk of lymphoid cancer and, for females, breast cancer.

Does ethylene oxide kill viruses?

Ethylene oxide is used to destroy all forms of microorganisms (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.)

Is ethylene oxide a disinfectant?

As a toxic gas that leaves residue on items it contacts including food and spices, ethylene oxide is a surface disinfectant that is widely used in hospitals and the medical equipment industry to replace steam in the sterilization of heat-sensitive tools and equipment, such as disposable plastic syringes.

Is bleach a sterilant?

Bleach (sodium hypochlorite), phenolic compounds, formaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide liquid, ortho-phthalaldehyde, and quaternary ammonium compounds are examples of currently used disinfectants. Ethylene oxide, glutaraldehyde, hydrogen peroxide gas, and peracetic acid are examples of sterilants.

Is bleach a virucide?

Bleach solutions exhibit sporicidal activity, are tuberculocidal, inactivate vegetative bacteria, and are fungicidal and virucidal. Bleach solutions lose potency at an accelerated rate when exposed to sunlight, oxygen, and heat.

How do you make homemade air disinfectant spray?

Ingredients

  1. 3 1/2 ounces distilled water.
  2. 12 ounces 95% ethyl alcohol like Everclear. You can use other types of alcohol, too. See Notes for other alcohols.
  3. 1/2 teaspoon hydrogen peroxide.
  4. 30-45 drops essential oils as desired See Notes for recommended essential oils.
  5. 16-ounce spray bottle.

What is the most complex virus?

Mimivirus

What is the largest virus in the world?

Pithovirus sibericum

What is the longest virus?

Pandoravirus salinus