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What happens as warm equatorial water flows toward the polar regions?

Wind or water that travels toward the poles from the equator is deflected to the east, while wind or water that travels toward the equator from the poles gets bent to the west. The Coriolis Effect bends the direction of surface currents.

What direction does warm water currents flow?

It all starts with surface currents carrying warm water north from the equator. The water cools as it moves into higher northern latitudes, and the more it cools, the denser it becomes.

Does warm water rise at the equator?

This deep water moves south, between the continents, past the equator, and down to the ends of Africa and South America. These two sections that split off warm up and become less dense as they travel northward toward the equator, so that they rise to the surface.

What are the hot currents?

List of Ocean Currents of the World

Name of Current Nature of Current
North Equatorial Current Hot or Warm
Kuroshio Current Warm
North Pacific Current Warm
Alaskan Current Warm

How does warm water current affect climate?

Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

Is the Peru Current strong?

The Humboldt Current, also called the Peru Current, is a cold, low-salinity ocean current that flows north along the western coast of South America. The Humboldt Current is a highly productive ecosystem. It is the most productive eastern boundary current system.

Which ocean current is responsible for El Nino?

El Niño events happen as warm trade winds heat up the surface waters of the tropical Pacific Ocean.

What is the meaning of La Nina?

La Niña means Little Girl in Spanish. La Niña is also sometimes called El Viejo, anti-El Niño, or simply “a cold event.” La Niña has the opposite effect of El Niño. During La Niña winters, the South sees warmer and drier conditions than usual.

Is La Nina wet or dry?

Where El Niño is wet, La Niña is dry. While El Niño conditions and their seasonal impacts look very different from normal, La Niña conditions often bring winters that are typical — only more so.

Is La Nina year 2020?

La Niña strengthened over October, with both the tropical Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere clearly reflecting La Niña conditions. Forecasters estimate at least a 95% chance La Niña will last through the winter, with a 65% chance of it hanging on through the spring.

What do you do during La Nina?

Stay inside a house or building during heavy rains. Avoid wading and taking baths in floodwaters. When a flood advisory is issued, residents in low lying areas should seek for higher grounds. Avoid crossing low-lying areas and bridges during evacuation.

Why does La Niña happen?

La Niña is caused by a build-up of cooler-than-normal waters in the tropical Pacific, the area of the Pacific Ocean between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Unusually strong, eastward-moving trade winds and ocean currents bring this cold water to the surface, a process known as upwelling.

What is El Nino effect?

The term El Niño (Spanish for ‘the Christ Child’) refers to a warming of the ocean surface (or above-average sea surface temperatures) in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. El Niño events can disrupt normal weather patterns in the United States and globally. …