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What does the mitochondria convert food into?

Mitochondria, using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.

What is the process of converting the energy in food into energy your body can use?

Through the process of cellular respiration, the energy in food is converted into energy that can be used by the body’s cells. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and the energy is transferred to ATP.

What part of the body converts food into energy?

When the stomach digests food, the carbohydrate (sugars and starches) in the food breaks down into another type of sugar, called glucose. The stomach and small intestines absorb the glucose and then release it into the bloodstream.

Is glucose used for energy?

Carbohydrates are used for energy (glucose). Fats are used for energy after they are broken into fatty acids. Protein can also be used for energy, but the first job is to help with making hormones, muscle, and other proteins. Broken down into glucose, used to supply energy to cells.

What is the role of energy in the body?

Energy produced from food in the human body is used to maintain the body’s essential functions (e.g. cell growth and repair, respiration, blood transport) and perform physical tasks including work, exercise and recreational activities.

How can we reduce energy use?

21 tips: no-cost ways to save electricity

  1. Turn off unnecessary lights.
  2. Use natural light.
  3. Use task lighting.
  4. Take shorter showers.
  5. Turn water off when shaving, washing hands, brushing teeth.
  6. Fix that leaky faucet.
  7. Unplug unused electronics.
  8. Ditch the desktop computer.

What can I unplug to save electricity?

Here’s a short list of which ones you definitely should unplug, and those you can afford to leave plugged in.

  • Unplug it!
  • Small kitchen appliances.
  • Chargers.
  • Entertainment system.
  • Computers.
  • Plug it up!
  • Old, nondigital electronics.
  • Power strips.

Does leaving things plugged in use power?

According to the Energy Saving Trust, any switched on charger that is plugged in will still use electricity, regardless of whether the device is attached or not. The amount of electricity produced from this only costs a few pence, but it will shorten the shelf life of the charger.