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What does the atmosphere do?

The atmosphere is a mixture of gases and particles which form a blanket around the Earth. The atmosphere contains just the right amount of oxygen to allow us to breathe; it protects us from the Sun’s radiation and helps maintain the temperature of our planet at a level which is comfortable for living things.

What is atmosphere and its importance?

The atmosphere is an important part of what makes Earth livable. It blocks some of the Sun’s dangerous rays from reaching Earth. It traps heat, making Earth a comfortable temperature. And the oxygen within our atmosphere is essential for life.

How does the sun interact with atmosphere?

Ozone, carbon dioxide, and water vapour are the three main atmospheric constituents which absorb radiation. Ozone serves to absorb the harmful (to most living things) ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Without this protective layer in the atmosphere our skin would burn when exposed to sunlight.

How does the atmosphere filter radiation?

Molecular Filters The atmosphere consists of many molecular and atomic filters that each block a certain range of wavelengths of light. With the combined effect of all of these, most of the harmful radiation from the sun is blocked before it reaches the plants and animals on the surface of the Earth.

Is the sun radiation?

All of the energy from the Sun that reaches the Earth arrives as solar radiation, part of a large collection of energy called the electromagnetic radiation spectrum. Solar radiation includes visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared, radio waves, X-rays, and gamma rays. Radiation is one way to transfer heat.

Is the sun stronger now?

According to Scripps Atmospheric Scientist Ray Weiss the answer is no, even though it feels that way. He says it’s not that the sun is stronger, but rather the ozone layer is thinner meaning more UV rays are coming through.

What is the hottest star type?

The hottest stars are the blue stars. A star appears blue once its surface temperature gets above 10,000 Kelvin, or so, a star will appear blue to our eyes. So the hottest stars in the Universe are going to be a blue star, and we know they’re going to be massive.

Which star is the coldest?

It is true as a Penn State University astronomer using NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and Spitzer Space Telescopes has discovered a “brown dwarf” star that appears to be the coldest of its kind. The star has been named WISE J085510. 83-071442.5.

Which is the hottest thing in the universe?

The dead star at the center of the Red Spider Nebula has a surface temperature of 250,000 degrees F, which is 25 times the temperature of the Sun’s surface. This white dwarf may, indeed, be the hottest object in the universe.

What is the coldest liquid on Earth?

Liquid helium

What material stays cold longest?

So, the answer to your question is that for equal mass of Steel and Aluminum, Aluminum will remain cooler for longer as it requires more energy per unit mass to heat up than steel. So for equal volume of both materials, steel will stay cooler for a longer time.