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What does carbonization mean?

Carbonization is the term for the conversion of an organic substance into carbon or a carbon-containing residue through pyrolysis or destructive distillation. When biomaterial is exposed to sudden searing heat, it can be carbonized extremely quickly, turning it into solid carbon.

What is the process of carbonisation?

Carbonisation is a particular form of that process in chemical technology called pyrolysis that is the breakdown of complex substances into simpler ones by heating. The term carbonisation is also applied to the pyrolysis of coal to produce coke.

What is carbonisation Ncert 8?

Carbonisation is the slow process of conversion of dead vegetation into coal. Scientists believe that about 300 million years ago, dead vegetation was overrun by soil. As more soil got deposited over the it, more pressure was exerted on this humus. Humus, at this stage, is called peat, the inferior quality of coal.

What is carbonisation answer?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Carbonization is the conversion of organic matters like plants and dead animal remains into carbon through destructive distillation.

What is refining Class 8?

The process of separating the various constituents/ fractions of petroleum is known as refining. It is carried out in a petroleum refinery.At the refinery, the crude oil mixture is ‘fractionated’ into different components by fractional distillation.

What is called black gold?

Crude Oil is also known as Black Gold. The word ‘Black’ because of its appearance when it comes out of the ground and the term ‘Gold’ for of its rarity and utility associated with it.

What made oil in the earth?

Crude oil is formed from the remains of dead organisms (diatoms) such as algae and zooplankton that existed millions of years ago in a marine environment. These organisms were the dominant forms of life on earth at the time.

Where does oil get used?

We use petroleum products to propel vehicles, to heat buildings, and to produce electricity. In the industrial sector, the petrochemical industry uses petroleum as a raw material (a feedstock) to make products such as plastics, polyurethane, solvents, and hundreds of other intermediate and end-user goods.

Is whale oil edible?

At that time, as The History of Modern Whaling reports, whale oil was “the cheapest of all edible oils”—a natural economic choice for margarine production. (It could, however, leave the margarine with a “fishy taste.”) As a result, margarine could be made with whale oil as its only fat.

Why is whale oil valuable?

From the 16th century through the 19th century, whale oil was used principally as lamp fuel and for producing soap. Whale oil was extremely important in the manufacture of nitroglycerin for explosives in both world wars, and whale liver oil was a major source of vitamin D through the 1960s.

What did whale oil smell like?

According to Mary Beth Springmeier the director of, whale oil has a strong fishy odor and has a thick liquid consistency, like olive oil. It was used as a lubricant and fuel oil. It was replaced by kerosene in the mid 1800s.

How much oil is in a whale?

Each whale produced about 40-50 barrels of oil.

Can you still buy whale oil?

With the commercial development of the petroleum industry and vegetable oils, the use of whale oils declined considerably from its peak in the 19th century into the 20th century. In the 21st century, with most countries having banned whaling, the sale and use of whale oil has practically ceased.