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What did the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan have in common?

According to the Virginia Plan, states with a large population would have more representatives than smaller states. Large states supported this plan, while smaller states generally opposed it. Under the New Jersey Plan, the unicameral legislature with one vote per state was inherited from the Articles of Confederation.

Which plan has equal representation for all states?

Great Compromise

What was the New Jersey plan at the Constitutional Convention?

William Paterson’s New Jersey Plan proposed a unicameral (one-house) legislature with equal votes of states and an executive elected by a national legislature. This plan maintained the form of government under the Articles of Confederation while adding powers to raise revenue and regulate commerce and foreign affairs.

How many votes would each state receive under the New Jersey plan?

one vote

Who opposed the New Jersey plan and why?

Delegates from the large states were naturally opposed to the New Jersey Plan, as it would diminish their influence. The convention ultimately rejected Paterson’s plan by a 7-3 vote, yet the delegates from the small states remained adamantly opposed to the Virginia plan.

Who favored the New Jersey Plan and why?

The New Jersey Plan was supported by the states of New York, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Jersey. It proposed a unicameral legislature with one vote per state. Paterson and supporters wanted to reflect the equal representation of states, thus enabling equal power.

Who benefited from the New Jersey plan?

Chapter 2 Government

Question Answer
Type of state that benefited from the New Jersey Plan? Small States
Delegates agreed on a bicameral congress, one segment with equal representation for states, and the other with other representation proportionate to the states population Connecticut Compromise

What was the most important part of the New Jersey plan?

Key Points of the New Jersey Plan Restoring the unicameral structure from the Articles of Confederation. Each state was equal regardless of the size of its population. Power to tax and regulate interstate commerce. Gave Congress the power to tax.

Why is the New Jersey plan better?

Advantages to the New Jersey Plan included giving smaller states equal power to larger states in the federal legislature, as well as giving the federal government more power to raise taxes, to regulate commerce, and to control foreign policy.

What was the major shortcoming of the New Jersey plan?

What was the major weakness of the New Jersey Plan? The major weakness of the New Jersey Plan was that it also specified that the states would retain powers not expressively given to the national legislature.

Why did small states favor the New Jersey plan?

What did small states favor the New Jersey Plan? Smaller states like this plan because it gave them equal representation in Congress.

What are three differences between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan?

The Virginia Plan called for a bicameral house, representation based on population, and favored the lager states. The New Jersey Plan called for a unicameral house, equal representation for all states, and, therefore, favored no state based on population.

What were some of the similarities and differences between the Virginia and New Jersey plans?

Terms in this set (7)

  • Virginia have bicameral (2 houses)
  • New Jersey have unicameral (1 house)
  • Virginia representation was based on population.
  • New Jersey representation was based on equal representation.
  • Executive, Judicial, & Legislative.
  • Large states favored Virginia Plan because it was based on population.

Which is a key difference between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan quizlet?

what was the main difference between the virginia plan and the new jersey plan? the virginia plan called for a bicameral legislature and representation would be based on population, and the new jersey plan had a unicameral legislature and each state had the same # of votes. What was the three-fifths compromise?

Why is the Virginia plan better?

The Virginia Plan The legislature was more powerful, as it chose people to serve in the executive and judicial branches. Legislature Two houses (bicameral). The House of Representatives was elected by the people and the Senate was elected by the state legislatures. Both were represented proportionally.

What are the main points of the Virginia Plan?

Introduced to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, James Madison’s Virginia Plan outlined a strong national government with three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The plan called for a legislature divided into two bodies (the Senate and the House of Representatives) with proportional representation.

What was wrong with the Virginia Plan?

The Virginia Plan was unacceptable to all the small states, who countered with another proposal, dubbed the New Jersey Plan, that would continue more along the lines of how Congress already operated under the Articles. This plan called for a unicameral legislature with the one vote per state formula still in place.

Who did the Virginia Plan benefit?

According to the Virginia Plan, each state would be represented by a number of legislators determined by the population of free inhabitants. Such a proposal was a benefit to Virginia and other large states, but smaller states with lower populations were concerned that they wouldn’t have enough representation.

Who opposed the Virginia plan and why?

The smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan because the resolution for proportional representation would mean that smaller states would have less say in government than the larger states. If the Virginia Plan was agreed each state would have a different number of representatives based on the state’s population.

Did the Virginia Plan give too much power to the national government?

The Virginia Plan gave too much power to the national government because it gave too much power to the large states such as the capability to control commerce between the states and the power to override state laws.

What is James Madison’s famous quote?

“Liberty may be endangered by the abuse of liberty, but also by the abuse of power.” “Philosophy is common sense with big words.” “Each generation should be made to bear the burden of its own wars, instead of carrying them on, at the expense of other generations.”

What role did James Madison play at the Constitutional Convention?

Madison is best remembered for his critical role in the Constitutional Convention of 1787, where he presented the Virginia Plan to the assembled delegates in Philadelphia and oversaw the difficult process of negotiation and compromise that led to the drafting of the final Constitution.

What did James Madison do for the economy?

Madison also implemented an effective taxation system based on tariffs, a standing professional military, and the internal improvements championed by Henry Clay under his American System.

Who contributed to the Constitution?

James Madison

What did James Madison argue in Federalist 10?

Written by James Madison, this essay defended the form of republican government proposed by the Constitution. Critics of the Constitution argued that the proposed federal government was too large and would be unresponsive to the people. In response, Madison explored majority rule v. minority rights in this essay.

What was Madison sick with?

From his middle years on, Madison was plagued with “biliousness.” This included attacks of “bilious fever” 1. A physician writing in the 1960s thought these symptoms of chronic cholecystitis 1 (inflammation of the gallbladder). Chronic arthritis afflicted Madison from middle age onwards 1.