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What did the Transcendentalists promote people do?

As a group, the transcendentalists led the celebration of the American experiment as one of individualism and self-reliance. They took progressive stands on women’s rights, abolition, reform, and education. They criticized government, organized religion, laws, social institutions, and creeping industrialization.

What are the main ideas of transcendentalism?

Key transcendentalism beliefs were that humans are inherently good but can be corrupted by society and institutions, insight and experience and more important than logic, spirituality should come from the self, not organized religion, and nature is beautiful and should be respected.

What were the Transcendentalists trying to transcend choose 1 answer?

Overview. The philosophy of transcendentalism arose in the 1830s in the eastern United States as a reaction to intellectualism. Its adherents yearned for intense spiritual experiences and sought to transcend the purely material world of reason and rationality.

Which three authors are considered anti Transcendentalists?

Unlike romantic styled stories, anti-transcendentalism writers created stories about limitations and the destructiveness of the human spirit. These writers also believed that humans were bitter, sinful and evil beings. The other writers of this era are Ralph Emerson, Emily Dickinson, and Henry Thoreau.

How did anti transcendentalists view nature?

The anti-transcendentalists reflected a more pessimistic attitude and focused on man’s uncertainty and limited potential in the universe. They viewed nature as vast and incomprehensible, a reflection of the struggle between good and evil.

Who was a dark romantic writer?

The American form of this sensibility centered on the writers Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Herman Melville.

Is Poe a romantic writer?

Edgar Allan Poe (1809-49) is perhaps the best-known American Romantic who worked in the so-called Gothic mode. His poems and stories explore the darker side of the Romantic imagination, dealing with the Grotesque, the supernatural, and the horrifying.

How did Dark Romantics view nature?

The following are some basic tenets of the Dark Romantic literary movement: Secondly, while both groups believe nature is a deeply spiritual force, Dark Romanticism views it in a much more sinister light than does Transcendentalism, which sees nature as a divine and universal organic mediator.

What is the difference between romanticism and dark romanticism?

Romanticism is an artistic and literary movement which originated in the late 18th century, characterized by subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. Dark Romanticism is a subgenre of Romanticism characterized by its preoccupation with sin, evil and darkness.

What is gothic dark romance?

Gothic romance, type of novel that flourished in the late 18th and early 19th cent. in England. Gothic romances were mysteries, often involving the supernatural and heavily tinged with horror, and they were usually set against dark backgrounds of medieval ruins and haunted castles.

Why is it called Gothic romance?

Called Gothic because its imaginative impulse was drawn from medieval buildings and ruins, such novels commonly used such settings as castles or monasteries equipped with subterranean passages, dark battlements, hidden panels, and trapdoors.

What elements of gothic romance do you notice in Jane Eyre?

The Gothic tradition utilizes elements such as supernatural encounters, remote locations, complicated family histories, ancient manor houses, dark secrets, and mysteries to create an atmosphere of suspense and terror, and the plot of Jane Eyre includes most of these elements.

What are Gothic features?

Characteristics of the Gothic include: death and decay, haunted homes/castles, family curses, madness, powerful love/romance, ghosts, and vampires. The genre is said to have become popular in the late 18th century with the publication of Horace Walpole’s novel The Castle of Otranto in 1764.

What are the three basic elements of the Gothic style?

The pointed arch, rib vault and flying buttress are three of the main features of Gothic architecture.

What are the main elements that make a novel Gothic?

Gothic elements include the following:

  • Setting in a castle.
  • An atmosphere of mystery and suspense.
  • An ancient prophecy is connected with the castle or its inhabitants (either former or present).
  • Omens, portents, visions.
  • Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events.
  • High, even overwrought emotion.
  • Women in distress.