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Table of Contents
  1. What are the principles of food processing?
  2. What are some beneficial food processing techniques?
  3. What are the basic principles of preservation?
  4. What is food processing in nutrition?
  5. What are types of food processing?
  6. What are processing techniques?
  7. What is meant by food processing?
  8. What is the importance of food processing?
  9. What are the tools used in food processing?
  10. What are the classification of tools and equipment in food processing?
  11. Why is it important to select and prepare the equipment before using it in food processing?
  12. Why measuring tools and equipment are important in food processing?
  13. What are process equipments?
  14. What is the function of the refractometer in food processing?
  15. What are the factors that you have to consider when choosing food processing tools equipment utensils and instruments to be used in food processing?
  16. What are the different activities included in food fish processing?
  17. What are the different machines used in food fish processing?
  18. What are the steps in processing the fish?
  19. What are the 5 kinds of processed fish?
  20. What device is used to measure the temperature of the fish?
  21. Which of the following is used to measure weight of food?
  22. Which device is used to measure the weight of food or fish?
  23. Is a device used to measure the temperature of fish food?
  24. Where should thermometer be inserted?
  25. How do you check the temperature of a fish?
  26. What measuring device will you use to measure the amount of liquid of large capacity?
  27. What do you use to measure volume of a solid?
  28. What is used to measure large amount of dry ingredients?
  29. What is the most accurate way to measure volume?
  30. What are 3 ways to measure volume?

What are the principles of food processing?

Most food processes utilize six different unit operations such as heat transfer, fluid flow, mass transfer, mixing, size adjustment and separation.

What are some beneficial food processing techniques?

4. Different processing methods

  • 1 Heating. The temperature of the food is raised to a level which inhibits the growth of bacteria, inactivates enzymes or even destroys viable bacteria.
  • 2 Cooling.
  • 3 Drying.
  • 4 Salting.
  • 5 Fermentation.
  • 6 Food additives.

What are the basic principles of preservation?

There are three basic objectives for the preservation of foods:

  • Prevention of contamination of food from damaging agents.
  • Delay or prevention of growth of microorganisms in the food.
  • Delay of enzymic spoilage, i.e. self-decomposition of the food by naturally occurring enzymes within it.

What is food processing in nutrition?

Food processing is the transformation of agricultural products into food, or of one form of food into other forms. Food processing includes many forms of processing foods, from grinding grain to make raw flour to home cooking to complex industrial methods used to make convenience foods.

What are types of food processing?

Early types of food processing included cooking, smoking, fermentation, and drying. These methods have been refined but are still in use today. New technologies have been developed, including irradiation, high-pressure, extrusion, and freeze-drying, that have generated new products and enhanced food safety and quality.

What are processing techniques?

A processing technique offering the possibility to build up the structure having a well-defined position, orientation and alignment of the fibers is the winding technique.

What is meant by food processing?

Food processing generally includes the basic preparation of foods, the alteration of a food product into another form (as in making preserves from fruit), and preservation and packaging techniques.

What is the importance of food processing?

Processing makes food more edible, palatable and safe, and preserves it so it can be eaten beyond the harvest season. Food processing is also a tool that offers greater variety in foods and therefore increases the consumer’s choice.

What are the tools used in food processing?

Types of equipment used for material handling in the food and food processing industries include: Conveyors systems….Some of the measurement and control devices commonly used for food processing include:

  • Precision controls.
  • Pressure gauges.
  • Scales and weighing systems.
  • Thermometers.
  • Timers.

What are the classification of tools and equipment in food processing?

Because there is such a large range of equipment, etc. available it is useful to group them into three categories: utensils, mechanical equipment, and large (fixed) equipment.

Why is it important to select and prepare the equipment before using it in food processing?

Pick and Choose Kitchen equipment is a great help in maintaining the cleanliness or orderliness in the kitchen. Some of this equipment could help the cook chop, slice, and neatly mince raw ingredients. Cooking equipment specially made for such, and they are designed to be mess-free as well.

Why measuring tools and equipment are important in food processing?

Adequate equipment calibration plays an important role in food safety when food is handled and produced. Calibration ensures that equipment monitors a food process accurately and consistently, and controls physical, chemical or biological hazards in the food operation.

What are process equipments?

Most pieces of process equipment are designed to perform specific, singular tasks. Process equipment can be used for tasks a varied as storage, controlling flow, and containing chemical reactions. There are two major types of process equipment: Fixed Equipment and Rotating Equipment.

What is the function of the refractometer in food processing?

In general, Refractometer is used for the purposes of quality controlling and quality management of food products. Refractometers are used to assess the ripeness of fruits, vegetables, sugar cane and beet before harvesting – i.e., it serves to find the maturity index.

What are the factors that you have to consider when choosing food processing tools equipment utensils and instruments to be used in food processing?

Material compatibility of food processing equipment

  • product to be processed.
  • environment in which the equipment is going to be placed.
  • cleaning methods to be applied.
  • cleaning agents that will be used for sanitation.

What are the different activities included in food fish processing?

The operations of importance in fish processing are washing, degutting, salting, fermentation, drying, and smoking. These operations contribute to the development of flavor, texture, color, and improved storage characteristics of the products.

What are the different machines used in food fish processing?

Equipment

  • Pin Boners.
  • Automatic grader and Batcher.
  • Laser Portion Cutter.
  • Conveyors Stainless Steel.
  • Pin Boners.
  • Automatic grader and Batcher.

What are the steps in processing the fish?

Preliminary processing of freshwater fish usually consists of the following steps or unit processes: evisceration, deheading, scaling, cutting of fins and belly flaps, slicing of whole fish into steaks, filleting, skinning, grinding of skinned fillets and different combinations of the above (Figure 3.1).

What are the 5 kinds of processed fish?

The most common types are tuna, salmon, herring, sardines, and shrimp. The thermal processing does not have a detrimental effect on the high-quality protein of the fish. In addition, these species are often canned with their bones left intact.

What device is used to measure the temperature of the fish?

THERMOMETER

Which of the following is used to measure weight of food?

A scale or balance is a device to measure weight or mass.

Which device is used to measure the weight of food or fish?

Fishing scales

Is a device used to measure the temperature of fish food?

Thermometers

Where should thermometer be inserted?

Dial thermometers Insert stem at least 2 inches into the thickest part of the food without touching fat or bone. The temperature should register in about 15 to 20 seconds. Insert sideways into thin foods like hamburgers and chicken breasts.

How do you check the temperature of a fish?

Kitchen Fact: The safe internal temperature for cooked fish is 145°F, or until the fish is opaque and flakes easily with a fork. When cooking fish, cook it until the center reaches 145°F on an instant-read or meat thermometer.

What measuring device will you use to measure the amount of liquid of large capacity?

graduated cylinder

What do you use to measure volume of a solid?

The volume of a solid is the measure of how much space an object takes up. It is measured by the number of unit cubes it takes to fill up the solid. Counting the unit cubes in the solid, we have 30 unit cubes, so the volume is: 2 units⋅3 units⋅5 units = 30 cubic units.

What is used to measure large amount of dry ingredients?

To measure large amounts of dry or solid ingredients, like flour or butter, use dry measuring cups. To measure smaller amounts, use measuring spoons.

What is the most accurate way to measure volume?

The rule of thumb is to use the graduated cylinder. With all the markings on the cylinder, it is considered more accurate than other volume measuring tools.

What are 3 ways to measure volume?

There are other units for measuring volume; cubic inches, cubic feet, cubic yards are all units used for measuring volume. Milliliters, liters, gallons are also used especially when measuring liquids. We write cubic sizes using a small 3 next to the unit.