What are the lines of longitude?

Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians. Each meridian measures one arcdegree of longitude.

What direction do the lines of longitude run?

Lines of longitude (meridians) running north-south around the globe measure distances EAST and WEST of the Prime Meridian.

What is latitude and longitude in simple terms?

Latitude and longitude are a system of lines used to describe the location of any place on Earth. Lines of latitude run in an east-west direction across Earth. Lines of longitude run in a north-south direction.

What is longitude define with diagram?

Latitude and longitude are angles that uniquely define points on a sphere. Latitudes of +90 and -90 degrees correspond to the north and south geographic poles on the earth, respectively. Longitude is defined in terms of meridians, which are half-circles running from pole to pole.

How do you write global coordinates?

Write the latitude and longitude coordinates. When writing latitude and longitude, write latitude first, followed by a comma, and then longitude. For example, the above lines of latitude and longitude would be written as “15°N, 30°E.”

What are the 5 latitude lines?

Important lines of latitude:

• the equator (0°)
• the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
• the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
• the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
• the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
• the North Pole (90° north)
• the South Pole (90° south)

Why is longitude 180 degrees?

180 Degrees Longitude It is used to define the International Date Line. Because the Earth is spherical, traveling 180 degrees in either direction from the prime meridian will lead to 180 degrees longitude or the opposite meridian.

Why do the lines of latitude decreases when moving towards the Pole?

The lines of Latitude decreases when move towards Pole because the parallels of latitude are the imaginary lines that are drawn on the surface of Earth.

Is east or west negative?

A longitude is an angle from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an angle up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative). Figure 1. With an angle of longitude and an angle of latitude, we can locate any point on the surface of the earth.

Are longitude lines parallel?

Lines of Longitude are referred to as Meridians of Longitude. These lines are not parallel to each other. They come closer and closer to each other as they approach the north and south poles, where they all meet. Zero degrees longitude is referred to as the Prime Meridian, and it passes through Greenwich England.

Are longitude lines vertical or horizontal?

One measures the distance from the equator, the other from the Prime Meridian. This illustration of Earth is overlaid with a grid of latitude and longitude. The horizontal lines are latitude and the vertical lines are longitude.

Is north latitude or longitude?

Lines of latitude measure north-south position between the poles. The equator is defined as 0 degrees, the North Pole is 90 degrees north, and the South Pole is 90 degrees south. Lines of latitude are all parallel to each other, thus they are often referred to as parallels.