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What 4 conditions must be present for an infection to occur?

What 4 conditions must be present for an infection to occur?

There must be: an adequate number of pathogens, or disease-causing organisms in the environment. There must be a reservoir or source that allows the pathogen to survive and multiply, like blood. A mode of transmission from the source to the host. And an entrance through which the pathogen may enter the host.

What must be present for a disease to be transmittable?

Three things are necessary for an infection to occur: Source: Places where infectious agents (germs) live (e.g., sinks, surfaces, human skin) Susceptible Person with a way for germs to enter the body. Transmission: a way germs are moved to the susceptible persont.

What are the 4 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host.

What are the 4 main pathogens that cause communicable disease?

Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protists.

  • Viruses. Viruses are tiny pathogens that contain genetic material.
  • Bacteria. Bacteria are microscopic, single celled organisms.
  • Fungi. Fungi are a type of organism that includes yeasts, molds, and mushrooms.
  • Protists.

What is the most contagious airborne disease?

Some of the common pathogens that may spread via airborne transmission are:

  • Mumps.
  • Smallpox.
  • Cryptococcosis.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Bordetella pertussis.
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

Common Infectious Diseases

  • Chickenpox.
  • Common cold.
  • Diphtheria.
  • E. coli.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Influenza (flu)

What is the disease that has no cure?

Progeria – Progeria has no cure and a very small amount of treatments. However, there is a medicine in the making that is undergoing testing and trials that may lead to a cure. The disorder usually leads to death at a young age.

What is a very rare disease?

In the United States, a rare disease is defined as a condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the US.

How do you get stone man syndrome?

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is caused by a mutation of the gene ACVR1. The mutation affects the body’s repair mechanism, causing fibrous tissue including muscle, tendons, and ligaments to be ossified, either spontaneously or when damaged as the result of trauma.