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Is Iodine 131 a beta emitter?

Iodine-131 is a beta emitter commonly used in nuclear medicine. The equation for its decay is: Note that both the charge and the mass are balanced and that iodine-131 emits both a gamma ray and a beta particle. For this reason, iodine-131 is known as a beta-gamma emitter.

What happens when people are administered iodine 131?

Radioactive iodine (I-131), an isotope of iodine that emits radiation, is used for medical purposes. When a small dose of I-131 is swallowed, it is absorbed into the bloodstream in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and concentrated from the blood by the thyroid gland, where it begins destroying the gland’s cells.

Can you be around someone who has had radioactive iodine?

You will be advised to maintain a distance of three feet from others for several days following radioiodine therapy. You also will need to wait several days before traveling on a prolonged automobile trip with other people. Over time, the amount of radiation in your body will diminish and eventually will go away.

Does radioactive iodine affect the brain?

While further study is needed, the authors suggest that the radiation from radioactive iodine therapy affect the large arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain thus increasing the risk of a stroke.

Is radioactive iodine treatment painful?

Radioactive iodine treatment can make your neck swell up or hurt. Nausea or vomiting, which is usually mild.

How safe is radioactive iodine treatment for cats?

Radioiodine is safe and effective with cure rates approximately 95 – 98% with one treatment. Cats can receive a second treatment, if necessary. Radioiodine treatment avoids surgery, anesthesia, and anti-thyroid drugs.

Will my cat gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?

Your cat’s behavior will change within a few weeks. Some cats require 2-3 months for all the clinical signs to return to normal. Your cat will become calmer, gain weight, better grooming, vomiting will stop, and less drinking and less urinating.