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How does the shape of Earth affect the amount of heat different areas receive?

Because of the Earth’s tilt the sun’s rays strike the surface at a slant at the poles; they are less focused. This spreads the rays over a wide area. Because the sun’s rays hit at a slant, the area is heated less. The tilt of the Earth causes different areas to receive different amounts of solar energy.

How does the curve of the earth affect the amount of heat from the sun?

Because the earth is round, the polar regions are like tilting the flashlight to a 45° angle: the same amount of solar radiation is spread over a larger area and temperatures are cooler. The tilt of the earth also affects the angle of the sun’s rays and causes the seasons in temperate regions.

What is the effect of Earth’s spherical shape in relation to the amount of radiation receive by the planet from the sun?

The Spherical Shape of the Earth. Because the Earth is a sphere, the surface gets much more intense sunlight (heat) at the equator than at the poles. During the equinox (the time of year when the amount of daylight and nighttime are approximately equal), the Sun passes directly overhead at noon on the equator.

How does the uneven heating of Earth’s surface affect Earth’s weather patterns?

Earth’s orbit around the sun and its rotation on a tilted axis causes some parts of Earth to receive more solar radiation than others. This uneven heating produces global circulation patterns. For example, the abundance of energy reaching the equator produces hot humid air that rises high into the atmosphere.

How does uneven heating affect climate?

The uneven heating causes temperature differences, which in turn cause air currents (wind) to develop, which then move heat from where there is more heat (higher temperatures) to where there is less heat (lower temperatures). The atmosphere thus becomes a giant “heat engine”, continuously driven by the sun.

Is the jet stream affected by climate change?

Recent studies have suggested the warming Arctic region has led to a “wavier” jet stream — which can lead to extreme weather conditions striking the US and Europe. However, the new study by Dr Russell Blackport and Professor James Screen, shows that Arctic warming does not drive a more meandering jet stream.

Why does the jet stream move west to east?

The reason that they most often move from west to east is due to the jet stream. The jet stream is a narrow band of fast, flowing air currents located near the altitude of the tropopause that flow from west to east. These winds shift west to east due to the rotation of the earth.

Does it take longer to fly east to west?

The reason it took so much longer to fly back is the jet stream, a river of fast-moving air high up in the sky. Jet streams are usually about 100 miles wide. Jet streams generally blow from the west to the east around the Earth, often following a meandering, curved path just like a river on land.

What would happen if the Earth spun backwards?

If Earth stopped rotating, it would be a disaster, but if it were to rotate backwards, it might not be as catastrophic. Trade winds at the equator, which normally blow westward, would reverse — hurricanes would no longer travel from east to west across the Atlantic.