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How does carbon move in the ocean?

How does carbon move in the ocean?

Animals and plants need to get rid of carbon dioxide gas through a process called respiration. Carbon moves from fossil fuels to the atmosphere when fuels are burned. The oceans, and other bodies of water, absorb some carbon from the atmosphere. The carbon is dissolved into the water.

How does carbon get out of the ocean water?

The ocean takes up carbon dioxide through photosynthesis by plant-like organisms (phytoplankton), as well as by simple chemistry: carbon dioxide dissolves in water. It reacts with seawater, creating carbonic acid. In the center of the ocean, wind-driven currents bring cool waters and fresh carbonate to the surface.

What are three ways carbon can enter the ocean?

Runoff, streams, and rivers can gradually dissolve carbon in rocks and carry it to the ocean. The ocean is a major reservoir for stored carbon. It is just one of four major reservoirs. The other three are the atmosphere, the biosphere, and organic sediments such as fossil fuels.

What is the role of oceans in the carbon cycle?

The ocean plays a critical role in carbon storage, as it holds about 50 times more carbon than the atmosphere. Two-way carbon exchange can occur quickly between the ocean’s surface waters and the atmosphere, but carbon may be stored for centuries at the deepest ocean depths.

Where is carbon found in the ocean?

Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere dissolves in the surface waters of the ocean. Some of the carbon dioxide stays as dissolved gas, but much of it gets turned into other things. Photosynthesis by tiny marine plants (phytoplankton) in the sunlit surface waters turns the carbon into organic matter.২২ জুন, ২০১০

What form of carbon is in the ocean?

Organisms in the ocean take Carbon Dioxide and turn it into carbonate CO2−3 . Carbonate is often combined with ions like Ca2+ and Mg2+ . The Calcium Carbonate makes up the hard structures of corals, and sea shells.১৪ আগস্ট, ২০১৬

What type of carbon is in the ocean?

There are two main types of inorganic carbon that are found in the oceans. Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) is made up of bicarbonate (HCO3−), carbonate (CO32−) and carbon dioxide (including both dissolved CO2 and carbonic acid H2CO3).