How do you describe ocean currents?
Ocean currents are the continuous, predictable, directional movement of seawater driven by gravity, wind (Coriolis Effect), and water density. Ocean water moves in two directions: horizontally and vertically. Horizontal movements are referred to as currents, while vertical changes are called upwellings or downwellings.
What is the ocean currents called?
Thermohaline circulation, also known as the ocean’s conveyor belt, refers to the deep ocean density-driven ocean basin currents. These currents, which flow under the surface of the ocean and are thus hidden from immediate detection, are called submarine rivers.
What is sea current?
An ocean current is a continuous, directed movement of sea water generated by a number of forces acting upon the water, including wind, the Coriolis effect, breaking waves, cabbeling, and temperature and salinity differences. Ocean currents are primarily horizontal water movements.
Where are deep ocean currents found?
Thus, deep currents generally occur in the higher latitude regions of the Earth, such as North Atlantic Deep Water and Antarctic Bottom Water, and from these frigid poleward regions the deep currents flow at a relatively slow pace towards the equator.
What is another name for the great ocean conveyor belt?
What would happen if we didn’t have ocean currents?
If ocean currents were to stop, climate could change quite significantly, particularly in Europe and countries in the North Atlantic. In these countries, temperatures would drop, affecting humans as well as plants and animals. In turn, economies could also be affected, particularly those that involve agriculture.
What would happen if we didn’t have the Gulf Stream?
But that’s not guaranteed in a warming world. Our warming climate will eventually get rid of the sea ice, allowing the ocean waters to absorb more sunlight and exchange heat with the atmosphere. It will also melt more ice, decreasing the saltiness and making it less likely to sink.