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How do you calculate how many neutrons are in an atom?

How do you calculate how many neutrons are in an atom?

To calculate the number of neutrons in the nucleus of an atom is simple. You take the atomic, or proton number of the element, and you subtract it from the element’s mass number. For example, take the isotope of copper, Cu-63. It contains 29 protons and has a mass number of 63, as suggested in the name.

Why do engines need vacuum?

Vacuum is the difference in air pressure between the inside of the intake manifold and the outside atmosphere. The pressure difference creates suction and helps to draw air into the engine. Engine vacuum is a required condition for a gasoline engine to run. It helps control the engine rpm.

What is normal engine vacuum?

Normal Engine: On a good engine, accelerate to around 2000 RPM and then quickly release the throttle. The engine should snap right back to a steady 17- 21 “hg vacuum. Steady low between 5-10 “hg vacuum: This indicates that the engine’s intake manifold or the intake gasket is leaking.

Can a vacuum leak ruin your engine?

At its worst, long-term driving with a vacuum leak, elevated temperatures generated by running a lean air-fuel ratio could result in engine damage. Lean mixtures can detonate, damaging pistons and bearings. Higher than normal exhaust temperatures can also lead to catalytic converter meltdown.

Does a vacuum pump add horsepower?

When does a Vacuum Pump benefit an engine? A vacuum pump, in general, is an added benefit to any engine that is high performance enough to create a significant amount of blow-by. A vacuum pump will, in general, add some horse power, increase engine life, keep oil cleaner for longer.

Do I need a vacuum pump?

Depending on driving conditions, the vacuum can get used up. For example, in stop-and-go traffic, rpm is low and you are on and off the brakes. In that situation, the vacuum never gets high enough to refill the canister. For engines with even less vacuum or for more peace-of-mind, a vacuum pump is a better option.