Press "Enter" to skip to content

How do prevailing winds affect precipitation?

Prevailing winds affect the amount of precipitation in an area depending when the winds blows inland from oceans or large lakes because they carry more water vapor than the winds that blow over land. Mountain ranges in a path of prevailing winds affect precipitation on either side of a mountain.

How does locations near oceans and wind affect climate?

Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

How does prevailing affect climate?

Prevailing winds bring air from one type of climate to another. For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.

Which of the following climatic controls is the most important?

Latitude. Latitude is the most important climatic control, due to the effect it has on the amount of solar radiation reaching the Earth’s surface.

What is the most important global annual temperature control?

Altitude is the single most important influence on temperature variations. Within the troposphere, temperatures decrease with increasing altitude above Earth’s surface. Approximately 84 percent of all evaporation on Earth is from the land.

What is the heat energy involved in the change of state or phase in water?

What is the heat energy involved in the change of state, or phase in water? Latent heat freezing and/or melting, and latent heat vaporization: liquid to vapor at boiling temp. . Latent heat of vaporization is used and 540 calories are gained in order for water to change to vapor.

Why is the hole in the ozone greatest over Antarctica quizlet?

Troposphere and mesosphere. Why is the hole in the ozone greatest over Antarctica? Chlorine freed from CFC’s elsewhere migrate to the Antarctic region, where they are trapped by the polar vortex.

Why is the hole in the ozone greatest over Antarctica?

The severe depletion of the Antarctic ozone layer known as the “ozone hole” occurs because of the special atmospheric and chemical conditions that exist there and nowhere else on the globe. The very low winter temperatures in the Antarctic stratosphere cause polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) to form.

Why is the ozone hole located over Antarctica?

In the Southern Hemisphere, the South Pole is part of avery large land mass (Antarctica) that is completely surrounded by ocean. This chlorine and bromine activation then leads to rapid ozone loss when sunlight returns to Antarctica in September and October of each year, which then results in the Antarctic ozone hole.

Who discovered ozone hole?

The discovery of the Antarctic “ozone hole” by British Antarctic Survey scientists Farman, Gardiner and Shanklin (first reported in a paper in Nature in May 1985) came as a shock to the scientific community, because the observed decline in polar ozone was far larger than anyone had anticipated.

How do ozone holes affect us?

Ozone layer depletion causes increased UV radiation levels at the Earth’s surface, which is damaging to human health. Negative effects include increases in certain types of skin cancers, eye cataracts and immune deficiency disorders.