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How did Timor-Leste gain independence?

On 30 August 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timorese voted for independence from Indonesia. Following a United Nations-administered transition period, East Timor was internationally recognised as an independent nation on 20 May 2002.

When did Timor-Leste gain independence?


Is Timor-Leste an independent country?

The United States recognized Timor-Leste, then known as East Timor, on May 20, 2002, when it achieved formal independence. Before this time, the region had been a Portuguese colony up until 1975 and was under Indonesian sovereignty from 1976 to 1999.

What was the cause of the violence in East Timor in 1999?

The 1999 East Timorese crisis began with attacks of general violence throughout the country, centred in the capital Dili. The violence erupted after a majority of eligible East Timorese voters chose independence from Indonesia. Some 1,400 civilians are believed to have died.

Is Timor-Leste dangerous?

Crime continues to be a problem in Timor-Leste, including gang-related violence, robbery (in some cases armed), and assault. Be vigilant at all times and avoid displaying expensive items of jewellery or carrying large sums of money. There have been reports of harassment and violence against women.

What was East Timor called before?

Portuguese Timor

Did Australia help East Timor?

Australia has led international support for East Timor during its first 10 years of independence, not only as the largest bilateral donor of development assistance, but also by providing a leadership role to ensure security and stability in the country.

Why is Timor divided?

Around 600 of the 1,400-strong Timorese army rebelled after being dismissed when they protested against discrimination against easterners. The police split along similar lines and also clashed with the army until the government ordered them all out of the capital and called in an Australian-led force to restore order.

Is East Timor in Asia or Oceania?

East Timor is the only Asian nation to lie entirely within the Southern Hemisphere. The Loes River is the longest with a length of 80 km (50 mi). This river system covers an area of 2,184 km2 (843 sq mi)….Geography of East Timor.

Continent Asia
Region Southeast Asia
Coordinates 8°50′S 125°55′E
Area Ranked 154th
• Total 14,919 km2 (5,760 sq mi)

What is the capital of Timor Leste?


Where is the country of Timor?

Maritime Southeast Asia

What is East Timor famous for?

(CNN) — Diving, whale-watching, trekking, biking, great scenery, stunning mountain driving and beautiful white-sand beaches. East Timor is one of the world’s unsung tourism destinations.

What language is spoken in Timor?


What is the religion of East Timor?

The majority of the population of East Timor is Christian, and the Catholic Church is the dominant religious institution, although it is not formally the state religion.

Why does East Timor use the US dollar?

The US$ was chosen because it is a strong and stable currency and is widely accepted around the world. The decision to adopt the US$ was made by the National Consultative Council (NCC). The NCC represents East Timorese in all of UNTAET’s major decisions.

Is East Timor expensive?

Yes, it’s an expensive country to travel and live in, but East Timor is quite poor. To give you an idea, the monthly minimum wage is about $110, or $4 per day. Welfare for the elderly is $30 per month – only $1 a day.

Is East Timor a rich country?

East Timor continues to be one of the world’s poorest countries, with GDP per capita standing at $3,949 (2011). It is ranked 147 out of 187 (2011) countries in the UN’s Human Development Index. As of 2015, Timor-Leste had a population of 1.17 million and an annual growth rate at 1.8%.

How much money does East Timor have?

$6.311 billion (PPP, 2018 est.)

What does Timor-Leste export?

Exports: The top exports of Timor-Leste are Crude Petroleum ($54.7M), Petroleum Gas ($28M), Coffee ($18.6M), Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane, for food ($2.59M), and Scrap Iron ($1.6M), exporting mostly to Singapore ($56.8M), China ($22.5M), Japan ($9.58M), Indonesia ($6.56M), and United States ($4.94M).

What is the youngest state in Asia?


Why is Timor-Leste in poverty?

Timor-Leste differs from most other poor parts of Asia where poverty is typically related to a too high population pressure on land and high rates of landlessness. Poverty in Timor-Leste is rather caused by poor land quality and lack of access to domestic and international markets (Booth, 2004b).

Is Philippines a rich country?

GDP per capita adjusted for relative purchasing power provides a clue into that….Advertisement.

Rank Country GDP-PPP ($)
113 Ukraine 9,774
114 Jamaica 9,692
115 Jordan 9,649
116 Philippines 9,471

Is Senegal a poor country?

Despite significant economic growth and decades of political stability, Senegal still faces serious development challenges. More than one third of the population lives below the poverty line, and 75 percent of families suffer from chronic poverty.

Do they speak English in Senegal?

Few locals speak English in Senegal. Instead, you’ll hear a mix of Wolof and French.

What is a richest country in Africa?

Which country is the richest in Africa?

  1. Nigeria – $446,543 billion. Image:
  2. South Africa – $358,839 billion. Read also.
  3. Egypt – $302,256 billion. Image:
  4. Algeria – $172,781 billion. Image:
  5. Morocco – $119,04 billion.
  6. Kenya – $98,607 billion.
  7. Angola – $91,527 billion.
  8. Ethiopia – $91,166 billion.

What is the average salary in Senegal?

around 350,000 XOF per month

How dangerous is Dakar?

Petty crime in Dakar is relatively low; crime against tourists is common, even around Place de l’Independance. Use common sense: women should not walk around alone after dark.

How expensive is Dakar?

Past travelers have spent, on average, CFA9,030 ($16) on meals for one day and CFA1,332 ($2.42) on local transportation. Also, the average hotel price in Dakar for a couple is CFA249,306 ($454). So, a trip to Dakar for two people for one week costs on average CFA1,919,963 ($3,494).

Is Senegal rich or poor?

Economy of Senegal

Country group Developing/Emerging Lower-middle income economy
Population (2018)
GDP $23.940 billion (nominal, 2019 est.) $64.600 billion (PPP, 2019 est.)
GDP rank 107th (nominal, 2019) 100th (PPP, 2019)