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How did geography affect the development of Greece?

How did the geography of Greece affect the development of city-states? the mountains, seas, islands, and climate isolated separated and divided Greece into small groups that became city-states. The sea allowed the Greeks to trade for food by traveling over water.

What challenges did ancient Greece face?

The main challenge facing Greek farmers was that there was too little good farming land in Greece and the Aegean. This forced them to take to sea-borne trade on a scale unmatched by most other ancient peoples. However, land shortages continued to be a problem throughout the ancient times.

What are some geographical features that made settlement in ancient Greece difficult?

Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult. The steep mountains of the Greek geography also affected the crops and animals that farmers raised in the region.

What age is 700 BC?

In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 54 Ab urbe condita . The denomination 700 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years….700 BC.

Gregorian calendar 700 BC DCXCIX BC
Thai solar calendar −157 – −156

What was built on the Acropolis?

The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena. It was decorated with beautiful sculptures which represent the greatest achievement of Greek artists.

Who destroyed the Acropolis?

Parthenon

Why did Pericles build the Acropolis?

Who Built the Parthenon? The celebrated Greek statesman Pericles is credited with ordering the design and construction of the Parthenon as a temple for Athena—the goddess of wisdom, arts and literature and war—but it may not have been the first attempt to house the deity.

Who lived in the Acropolis?

The first inhabitants we can trace to the Acropolis of Athens were Mycenaean Kings who fortified the rock with massive eight-meter tall walls, and built their palaces there in the 14th century BCE.

What happened at the Acropolis in Greece?

The Parthenon and the other buildings were seriously damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians during the Morean War when gunpowder being stored in the Parthenon by the Ottomans was hit by a cannonball and exploded….Acropolis of Athens.

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Area 3.04 ha
Buffer zone 116.71 ha

How old is Acropolis?

2,460 years old

Was the Acropolis built by slaves?

Yes, it is likely that slaves served as most or even all of the labor force for the Parthenon, given that the Athenian government owned many slaves…

When did slavery in Greece end?

Some cities passed accords to forbid the practice: in the middle of the 3rd century BC, Miletus agreed not to reduce any free Knossian to slavery, and vice versa. Conversely, the emancipation by ransom of a city that had been entirely reduced to slavery carried great prestige: Cassander, in 316 BC, restored Thebes.

Who built the Acropolis slaves?

Philip Reid

Where did Greek slaves sleep?

Living Quarters Slaves usually lived on their master’s property, most often in communal structures that tended to be primitively constructed and furnished. Some domestic slaves might have been privileged to sleep in the master’s house, such as a wet-nurse, the children’s primary caregiver, or a female concubine.

Where did Greek slaves come from?

Q: How did people become slaves in ancient Greece? People became slaves in ancient Greece after they were captured in wars. They were then sold to their owners. Other slaves were, by nature, born into slave families.

How were slaves in Athens treated?

Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid. They could also live outside their master’s home. It seems that most slaves in Athens worked in their master’s households and were treated fairly. Most female slaves in Athens did things like bake bread, cook, and weave.

How were slaves treated in Greece?

Slaves in ancient Greece were treated based on the kind of job they did, and also on the personality of their owners. If the owner was kind, he treated them decently. They also had different levels of independence based on the class they belonged to.

What percent of ancient Athens were slaves?

Historians aren’t sure exactly how many slaves the Greeks owned, but they usually estimate that between 30 and 40 percent of the population were slaves.

Is there still slavery in Greece?

In Greece, an estimated 89,000 people are modern-day slaves – about one in 125 of its 11 million population – according to the 2018 Global Slavery Index by the Walk Free Foundation.

Did Macedonia have slaves?

In contrast with classical Greek poleis, the Macedonians generally possessed slaves.

What did slaves wear in ancient Greece?

Slaves dressed like other Ancient Greeks, usually wearing short white tunics. Sometimes, slaves working in the hot sun wore loincloths.