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How are blood pressure readings reported?

When your doctor takes your blood pressure, it’s expressed as a measurement with two numbers, with one number on top (systolic) and one on the bottom (diastolic), like a fraction. For example, 120/80 mm Hg. The top number refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during the contraction of your heart muscle.

What does the systolic and diastolic numbers represent in a blood pressure reading?

Systolic blood pressure, the top number, measures the force your heart exerts on the walls of your arteries each time it beats. Diastolic blood pressure, the bottom number, measures the force your heart exerts on the walls of your arteries in between beats.

How do you find the systolic and diastolic blood pressure?

In a blood pressure reading, the systolic number always comes first, and then the diastolic number. For example, your numbers may be “120 over 80” or written as 120/80.

What are the methods of measuring blood pressure?

Basic techniques of blood pressure measurement

  • Location of measurement. The standard location for blood pressure measurement is the brachial artery.
  • The auscultatory method.
  • The oscillometric technique.
  • Ultrasound techniques.
  • The finger cuff method of Penaz.

What is the most accurate method of measuring blood pressure?

Intra-arterial measurement of BP is the most accurate method, capable of giving a continuous picture. Indirect recordings give a rough estimate of intra-arterial pressure but less information about the relationship between individual subjects and their environment.

Which blood pressure measurement is most important?

They concluded that while systolic blood pressure had a greater impact, both systolic and diastolic pressures influenced your risk factors. That was true whether measured against the older threshold of 140/90 or the newer guideline of 130/80.

How do you confirm a stroke?

Cerebral angiogram

  1. A physical exam. Your doctor will do a number of tests you’re familiar with, such as listening to your heart and checking your blood pressure.
  2. Blood tests.
  3. Computerized tomography (CT) scan.
  4. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  5. Carotid ultrasound.
  6. Cerebral angiogram.
  7. Echocardiogram.

Can a stroke be silent?

Some people have strokes without realizing it. They’re called silent strokes, and they either have no easy-to-recognize symptoms, or you don’t remember them. But they do cause permanent damage in your brain. If you’ve had more than one silent stroke, you may have thinking and memory problems.

How can I prevent strokes?

The best way to help prevent a stroke is to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. These lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of problems like: arteries becoming clogged with fatty substances (atherosclerosis) high blood pressure.

Who is most at risk for stroke?

Lifestyle factors that increase your risk of stroke include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, high blood cholesterol levels, heavy drinking, high salt and high fat diet and lack of exercise. Someone who has already experienced a stroke is at increased risk of having another.